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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90
(1888-1889)

Brazil,   pp. 55-76 PDF (9.1 MB)


Page 56


FOREIGN RELATIONS.
   It has been for some years an open secret that, while the diplomatic
 relations between the two countries were pleasant enough, there was,
 in fact, existing a spirit of jealousy and ill-feeling that was liable to
 serious results. One cause of irritation and apprehension was a ques-
 tion of boundary between the remoter sections of the two countries.
 Happily that question has been substantially adjusted by a mixed
 commission.
   Another question that was a great source of vexation and complaint
 was the difficult matter of quarantine, It was charged that the Argen-
 tine authorities quarantined ships coming from Rio de Janeiro in the
 yellow-fever season upon a mere pretext, and often when there was in
 fact no necessityfor it; and that this pretext was often made use of to
 inflict injury .upon Brazilian commerce aid interests. On the other
 hand, it was charged that the Brazilian authorities quarantined ships
 coming from the River Plate in the cholera season from like motives,
 and that the quarantine had been kept up long after the danger had
 ceased, when it was justified in the beginning. These charges and coun-
 ter charges, whether groundless or not, irritated the public mind and
 threatened the prosperity and peace of the two countries. In the first
 half of this year. a considerable injury was inflicted upon one of the
great interests of the Argentine' and Uruguay Republics by the pro-
longed prohibition of the importation of dried beef (carne secca) from
the7 River Plate into Brazil; and the press and people of those coun-
tries gave out violent declarations against the Brazilian authorities.
Of course I express no opinion as tothe justification in the one case or
the other; but I am happy to inform you that the three countries have
come to a better understanding on this vexed question.
   For two months or more negotiations have been going on between
 representatives of Brazil, the Argentine Republic, and the Uruguay Re-
 public, in this city, looking to the execution of a sanitary convention
be-
 tween these three countries, which will hereafter regulate all these
 perplexing questions. The treaty has not yet been signed, but I am in-
 formed that there is a general agreement among the representatives of
 the three powers, and that it will be executed at no distant day.
   While I have never officiously obtruded my opinions or suggestions
 upon any one, I have not failed to avail myself of all opportune occa-
 sions to suggest a peaceful adjustment of all conflicting-questions among
 these South American countries. These countries have great resources,
 and with peace at home and abroad, and with good government, they
 have a future of great prosperity before them. I do not mean to inti-
 mate that my opinions or suggestions have had any influence, and I
 only refer to the matter that you may be informed of my general course
 of conduct and intercourse among those with whom I come in contact.
       I have, etc.,
                                                 THos. J. JARVIS.
                               No. 56.
                      Mr. Bayard to Mr. Jarvis.
 No. 78-.                            DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
                                     Washington February 10, 1888.
   SIR: I inclose for your-information, copy of a letter from Mr. Stephen
W. Hill, of Espy, Pa., concerning a reported effort to encourage emi-
gration of colo'red people from the South~ern States to Brazil.
56


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