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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90

Belgium,   pp. 24-50 PDF (11.1 MB)

Page 24

                                 No. 24.
                        Mr. Tree to Mr. Bayard,
 No, 278.]                 LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
              Brussels, November 30, 1887. (Received December 13.)
   SIR: I have the honorto invite your attention to article 2 of the decree
 of the sovereign of the Independent State of the Congo on the use of
 flags within the boundaries of that state, published in the ."Bulletin
 Officiel" No. 5 (May, 1887, 3d year), and which will be found on file
 the Department.
   Article 2 reads as follows :
   Every private vessel navigating the waters of the Independent State of
 up the stream beyond the falls of Leopoldville, will be required to hoist
at the stern
 the flag of the State. If'she possesses ship'spapers establishing her foreign
 ality, she may hoist, in addition, the flag of her own country.
   Article 3 fixes a penalty for the non-observance of the provisions of
 article 2.
   My impression has been that, in accordance with a custom which is
 universal, vessels entering the rivers and harbors of another nation
 have the-right to: hoist the flag of their own nationality at the stern.
 If so, it is a curious departure from the general practice to compel the
 display of the Cozigo State flag at that part of the vessel, especially
 view of article 2 of the general act of the Berlin conference, stipulat-
 ing for the free navigation of the Congo and all of its affluents by the
 vessels of all nations.
       I have, etc.,
                                                   LAMBERT TREE.
                                No. 25.
                       Mr. Bayard to Mr. Tree.
-No. 90.]                        DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
                                       Washington, December 7, 1887.
  SIR: I inclose herewith copy of a dispatch addressed to this Depart-
ment by the United States consul at St. Paul de Loando, and of its in-
closure, being a petition signed by the Rev. A. Billington, a representa-
tive of the American Baptist Missionary Union at Stanley Pool, il thle
Congo Free Sta te, setting forth certain arbitrary acts of the Congo

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