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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the first session of the forty-seventh Congress, 1880-'81
(1881-1882)

Austria-Hungary,   pp. 18-62 PDF (19.5 MB)


Page 59


                              AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.                          
      59
  And yet the Government of the United States submitted in silence, and since
the
ordinance, the protest, and the reply, neither Mr. Kasson nor his successors
in this lega-
tion have, by oral or written applications, vexed His Majesty's government
with appli-
cations for reconsideration and redress.
  To save annoyance to His Majesty's government, and in reliance on its good
faith
and its cordial desire to do no harm to a friendly country, the American
legation pre-
ferred to await the result of an investigation which the Department of State
had
ordered to be made concerning the truth or untruth of the alarming rumors
which have
prevailed of late as to the alleged unwholesomeness of the pork products
shipped to
foreign countries from the United States.
  This investigation is now finished, and the results of it have been sent
to this lega-
tion. The results so fully confirm all that Mr. Kasson claimed in the premises
that
the undersigned deems it his duty to lay them immediately before his excellency,
and
to ask for them that prompt consideration their importance demands.
  It may be proper, before submitting these results, to call your excellency's
attention
to the spirit in which the investigation was inaugurated and the method and
processes
of its conduct.
  The officer in charge was instructed "to make a searching and impartial
investiga-
tion," and the Secretary of State affirms "that the investigation
was undertaken in
the most impartial spirit, and in full recognition of the weighty responsibility
which
rested upon the government." Could more be said for the spirit in which
the work
was begun ?
  The methods adopted to complete-it were such as were best calculated to
obtain the
  sole object of the examination-discovery of the truth.
  The examination was in public, in a cofuntry where the newspapers report
every-
  thin~g and everybody reads the newspapers, and the subject of examination
was a
  branch of trade so general and important as tbattract the attention of
all.
  The examination was comprehensive, not restricted or local. It dii not
confine
  itself to a single city nor to the witnesses that could be brought to a
single hall. It
  went forth and sought its witnesses everywhere that no restrictions of
person or place
might narrow and color its discoveries. It sought those engaged in the different
lkanc1tes of trade and so conspicuous in it, that they knew their words would
be read by
hundreds of rivals and thousands of employ6s whose personal knowledge would,
on
the spot, convict them of any attempt at concealment, prevarication, or falsehood.
But
not to those who raised swine, to those who slaughtered them, to those who
packed
them, to those who forwarded them was the examination confined. It was notlimited
to those of whom it could be said "They are in the trade and sordidly
interested,"
Guardians of the public health, officers in chambers of commerce and boards
of trade,
high officials in railway management, economists and scientists of high reputation
voluntarily, or by request, contributed their knowledge and experience to
this ex-
haustiv6 investigation.
   In considering the conditions under which it was held your excellency
cannot at-
 tach too much importance to this consideration. The market value of the
staple must
 rise or fall with the nature of the evidence given. Many of those who ga
ve the evi-
 dence were in a position where some would gain by a rise and some by a fall
in the price,
 and yet, in the bright light of the publicity, where workmen, clerks, partners,
and
 rivals were to hear each word, none dared to tell anything except the truth,
and the
 truth all pointed to the same conclusion: The strange exemption of the American
full-
 grown and marketable hog from disease.
   Having called his excellency's attention to the methods of the investigation
the un-
 dersigned begs briefly to sum the results.
   The swine in America is fed on Indian corn or maize, the cleanest of vegetable
prod-
 ucts.
   American swine are not more liable to disease than Ewropean.
   That diseased hogs cannot pass the inspection preliminary to slaughter,
or if this is
 possible, hog-meat cannot pass even the most careless inspection.
   That merchantable lard cannot be produced fiom diseased animals.
   That Chicago and Cincinnati--the great pork-consuming centers-are free
from
 trichinosis.
   That in all reported cases of human suffering it has been found that the
pork was
 eaten- uncooked.
   That the hogs selected for the foreign market are equal to those selected
for the
 home market.
   That the rumors of great disease in American swine came from the confused
use of
 the words "hog" and "pig." A hog is a grown swine ready
for market. A pig is a
 young, ungrown swine, not of age for the market. And it is among young swine,
that
 is, among pigs, that-the larger proportion of deaths by disease occur.
   As the investigation was public, so are the facts elicited by it and the
conclusions"
 derived from them--public tbr the purpose of challenging the widest criticism.
The
 American "Goverment has published themi in pamphlet form and desires
to secure for
I


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