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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-fifth Congress, 1879-'80
(1879-1880)

Turkish Empire,   pp. 976-1037 PDF (27.9 MB)


Page 1020


1020                         FOREIGN    RELATIONS.
Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, the King:of Prussia, and the Emperor
of all
the Russias, upon the conditions of the arrangenent, that it is the intention
of His
Highness to accord to M. Ali, which conditions are found specified in the
separate act
hereto annexed, their Majesties engage to act in perfect accord, and to unite
their
efforts to induce M. Ali to comply with that arrangement, each one of the
high con-
tracting parties reserving to itself to co-operate for this end, according
to the means of
action that each of them may dispose of.
   II. Should the Pasha of Egypt refuse to adhere to the above-named arrangement,
 which shall be communicated to him by the Sultan with the co-operation of
their
 said Majesties, the latter engaged to takd, up.,n the requisition of the
Sultan, meas-
 ures, concerted and fixed upon among themselves, in order to carry this
arrangement
 into execution during the interval. Their Majesties the Queen of the United
King-
 dom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary
and
 Bohemia, the Sultan having invited his allies to join themselves to him
and help him
 to interrupt communication by sea between Egypt and Syria, and stop the
sending of
 troops, horses, arms, ammunition and provisions of war of every kind from
one of
 these provinces to the other, engage to give immediately, for this purpose,
the neces-
 sary orders to the commanders of their naval forces in the Mediterranean.
Their said
 Majesties promise, furthermore, that the commanders of their squadrons shall
give
 according to the means at their disposal, in the name of the alliance, all
the support,
 and help in their power to those of the subjects of the Sultan that shall
manifest their
 fidelity and obedience to their sovereign.
   III. Should M. Ali, after having refused to submit himself to the conditions
of the
 arrangement hereabove, direct his land and sea forces toward Constantinople
the
 high contracting parties, upon the requisition that may be made touching
this by
 the Sultan to their representatives at Constantinople, have agreed among
themselves,
 should the case so require, to accept the invitation of that sovereign,
and provide for the
 defense of his throne, by means of an operation concerted in common, for
the purpose
 of placing the two straits of the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, as well
as the capital
 of the Ottoman Empire, under protection from all aggression. It is furthermore
agreed
 that all the forces to which, by reason of such an attack, shall be given
the destina-
 tion hereabove indicated, shall there remain employed so long as their presence
shall
 be thus required by the Sultan, and when His Highness shall judge that their
pres-
 ence has ceased to be necessary, the said forces shall withdraw simultaneously,
and
 shall return respectively to the Black Sea and Mediterranean.
   IV. It is, moreover, expressly understood that the co-operation mentioned
in the
 preceding article, and intended to place the Straits of the Dardanelles
and Bosphorus
 and the Ottoman capital temporarily under the safeguard of the high contracting
 parties against every aggression of M. Ali, shall not be considered but
as an excep-
 tional measure, adopted at the express request of the Sultan, and solely
for his de-
 fense in the case alone indicated hereabove. But it is agreed that this
measure shall
 in nothing derogate from the ancient rule of the Ottoman Empire, in virtue
of which
 rule it has been from all time prohibited to the vessels of war of the foreign
powers to
 ,enter into the Straits of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus, and the Sultan,
on the one
 hand, declares, by these presents, that, with the exception of the eventuality
here-
 above mentioned, he has the firm intention to maintain in future this principle,
with
 invariable fixedness, as an ancient rule of his Empire, and, so long as
the Porte is at
 peace, not to admit any foreign vessel of war into the Straits of the Bosphorus
and
 Dardanelles. On the other hand, their Majesties the Queen of the United
Kingdom
 of Great Britain and Ireland, the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and
Bohe-
 mia, the King of Prussia, and the Emperor of all the Russias, engage to
respect this
 determination of the Sultan, and to comply with the principle hereabove
stated.
 V. The present convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications thereof
shall be
 exchanged at London within two months, or sooner, if possible. In faith
of which the
 plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have thereto affixed their seals.
                                                              PALMERSTON.
                                                              NIEUMAN.
                                                              BULOW.
                                                              BRUNOW.
                                                              CII14KIB.
                                       II.
Separate act annexed to the convention concludled at London, July 15, 1840,
between
  the courts of Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia, on the one part,
and the
  S~uhlime Ottoman Porte, on the other.
  His Highness the Sultan has the intention to grant and to cause to be notified
to
Muhammed All the conditions of the arrangement herebelow :
  I. His Highness promises to grant to M. Ahi, for himself and his descendants
in direct
line, the administration of the Pashahic of Egypt, and His Ilighuess promises,
fur-
thermore, to grant to M. Ali, during his life, with the title of Pasha of
Acre, and


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