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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-fifth Congress, 1877-'78
(1877-1878)

Russia,   pp. 462-479 PDF (8.4 MB)


Page 463


RUSSIA.
463
of the Hereditary Grand Duchess, and is officered by a board of twelve
members of council, composed: of government officials and wealthy mer-
chants, presided over by His Excellency Vice-Admiral Possiet, minister
of the department of ways and .communications, its material efficacy
being secured by two inspectors, one for each of the geographical
districts of the empire covered by the society's operations. These
inspectors are captains in the navy, and have their bureaus at St.
Petersburg (Captain Baronoff's), and at Nicolaieff (Captain Nebol-
sine's), while at Reval Captain Sharnberg is local inspector under the
first named. The districts are, respectively, the northern, comprising
that part of the empire lying north of a line passing from east to west
through Tchernigoff, Kursk, Varonish, and Kamishin ; and the southern
district embracing the, territory-south of this line. The stations now
number 36 on the sea-coast, and 80 on the great lakes and rivers, and
their positions are displayed on the maps sent.
  At stations remote from settlements the force is permanent; at others
only a small percentage of continuously employed men is kept; a code
of signals, in case of need, summoning a full detail, who are paid accord-
ing to the work performed.
. Originally beginning with the Peake (English) system, the changes
necessary have been made as the society's means have allowed, and not-
withstanding the progress still advisable, the lack of funds only author-
izes a gradual adoption of improved appliances and the creation of new
stations.
   The Francis life-boat is the only distinctively American invention
used, and the only apparatus not taken from the systems of other nations
are comprised in the ice-ladder (shown at pages 38 and 39 of the pamph-
let "Glory of saving human, life"), the ice-boat, the Finnish boat,
the
cutter, and the improved life-boat. Of these four boats I have the honor
to hand you tracings, as already stated. The statistics of the society,
its regulations, history, and apparatus, are fully set forth in the pam.
phlets supplied, and there appear to be no important variations from ap-
pliances already in use in England and Germany, with the exceptions
noted. * * * *
   The Russian society will be very thankful to receive as much detailed
information concerning the life-saving service of the United States as
may be furnished, and express willingness to supplement the information
I now have the honor to transmit.
       I have, &c,,
                                                GEO. H. BOKER.
                               No. 264.
                        Mr. Boker to Mr. Fish.
              LEGATION OF TIIE UNITED STATES,
          o ]St. Petersburg,.-November 2, 1876. (Received November 20.)
   SIR: On the afternoon of the 30th ultimo the Turkish forces carried
the position of Djunis (Diounisch) on the extreme right of the Servian
lines, after a severe struggle, in which the losses among the Russian vol-
unteers were most severe. This victory, by placing the Turks on the
flank of the Servians, at a point.commanding the communications of the
left bank of the River Morava, and virtually exposing Servia, even to
Belgrade, is the most important military action in the struggle, and with


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