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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, transmitted to congress, with the annual message of the president, December 4, 1876

Turkish Empire,   pp. 568-593 PDF (2.2 MB)

Page 586

the existing laws or of those which shall be promulgated in conformity with
the provisions of the sheri, in connection with the real and legitimate wants
of the country and its inhabitants, as also to control the equilibrium of
the revenue and expenditures of the empire.
 The council of ministers is called upon to devote itself to a thorough consideration
of this important question, and to submit to me the result of its deliberations.
 Another impediment to the good execution of the laws and regulations has
arisen out of the facility with which public functions are often confided
to incompetent hands, and from the fact of public servants and employés
being subject to frequent changes, unjustified on legitimate grounds, which
entails very serious inconvenience upon the state and the transaction of
public affairs. Hencetorward every public function and employment will constitute
a special career. To employ in the service of the state capable and competent
persons; not to allow of any dismissal or transfer without valid cause; to
establish ministerial responsibility, as well as the graduated responsibility
of all public functionaries of every rank, each in what concerns his own
this is the invariable rule which it is advisable to adopt.
 The material and moral progress which all the world is at one in acknowledging
in European nations has been accomplished, thanks to the diffusion of public
instruction, science, and the fine arts. Now as my subjects of all classes
have, I am happy to declare, by their intelligence and natural capacity,
special aptitudes for progress, and as the propagation of education constitutes
in my eyes a pressing and vital question, you will consider without delay
the best means of insuring this important result, by raising the aggregate.
amount allotted to public instruction in the budget in a sufficient proportion
and as far as possible.
 Moreover, immediate reform must be effected in the provinces—administrative,
financial, and judicial ref~orm—in order to create throughout the provinces
a really. normal state of things, and one in conformity with the bases adopted
for the central organization.
 To the disturbances which broke out last year in the Herzegovina and Bosnia,
at the instigation of evil-intentioned people, the rebellion of Servia has
been since superadded. Considering that the blood spilt on one side and the
other is that of sons of a common country, I am profoundly afflicted at the
continuation of this state of things. It behooves you, therefore, to take
the most effectual measures for putting an end to so deplorable a situation.
 I confirm all the treaties concluded with friendly powers. While maintaining
their faithful execution, you will endeavor to draw still closer the amicable
relations which we entertain with these powers.
 Such are, in substance, my wishes, such my intentions! May the Almighty
deign to crown our efforts with success!
Given on Sunday, the 23d day of the month of Shaban, 1293, (September 10,
No. 313.
Mr. Schuyler to Mr. Campbell.
Constantinople, September 28, 1876. (Received October 21.)
 SIR: I have the honor to inclose you an interesting and valuable paper on
the productions and trade of the district of Philippopolis, prepared, at
my request, by Mr. John E. Gueshoff, of Philippopolis.
I have, &c.,
Notes on the production. and trade of the district of Philippopolis.
 The cattle-rearing Balkan on the north, and the vine-clad, timber-producing
Rhodope on the southeast; a fertile arable plain stretching between them,
and the river Maritza bathing this plain—such are the natural features
which condition the production and exchange of wealth in the district of
Philippopolis. This district, with its 950 towns and villages, and 600,000
inhabitants, was justly considered, before the terrible devasta

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