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United States Department of State / Papers relating to foreign affairs, accompanying the annual message of the president to the second session thirty-eighth congress
(1864)

Belgium,   pp. 226-266 PDF (15.5 MB)


Page 238

238 
DIPLOMATIC CORRESPONDENCE. 
taken orders, bound to seive on the same footing as the latter.The students
attached to the large hospitals of the kingdom are included in the same group
as those of the military schools. 
8th. Seamen by profession who make long voyages, (de long cours,) those 
are considered such who have been engaged in that profession on board a mer-
chant vessel, or a vessel fitted out for whale fishing during at least the
two last 
years before being enrolled, anil who are still engaged in it. This exemption
ceases in case of a war; if they have not yet completed their twenty-thir&
year 
they are liable to be immediately called into service. 
.9th. That son, or, in case of the death of the parents, that grandson of
a 
widow, or of a woman legally separated, or divorced, or abandoned, four years,
who provides by the work of his hands for the support of his mother or grand-
mother. This exemption does not obtain when the mother or grandmother is
engaged in any trade or profession by means of which she can earn her living.
This exemption only applies to one of the sons or grandsons. 
10th. Widowers having one or several children, provided these children-be
not brought up in charitable establishments. 
l1th. Only children born in lawful wedlock, if they are the support of their
parents, or the latter being deceased, of their grandfathers or grandmotheis,
in 
the manner and according to the provisions mentioned. 
12th. The only son, who is at the same time an only child legitimate. 
13th. That brother or half brother of orphans who has to provide for the
sus- 
tenance of his brothers and sisters who have no means left for their own
main- 
tenance, provided there be no other exempted for the same motive. 
14th. He whose only brother or half brother is, either in person or by replac-
ing a substitute, in active service in the land or naval forces in a rank
inferor 
to that of sub-lieutenant, or should have been drafted. 
When the sons in a family are even numbers, only half are called to the ser-
vice; when the number is odd, the uncalled for shall exceed by one the number
of those called. Thus, should there be three sons in a family, only one is
liable 
to serve; should there be five, two only, &c., &c. 
 15th. Persons under arrest, whose cases are pending before the courts and
have not been decided before the opening of the fourth sitting of the military
board. 
16th. Those in prison for police offences wlhose term of imprisonment has
not 
yet expired. 
The brother of a substitute is not exempted. 
The brother of him who exchanges a number with another is only exempted 
when the number which has been exchanged against a lower one shall have been
called to service. 
Article 24 of the bill on military service introduces a modification in the
pres- 
ent legislation, it is as follbws: 
"In the cases provided for by the present law, the drafted soldier acquires,
by the death of a member of his family, the same right to exemption as if
the 
death had occurred before his designation for service. 
"This provision does not apply to volunteers, substitutes, or refractory
soldiers. 
"The claim must be addressed to the governor of the province accompanied
with vouchers. 
"Should the claim be admitted by the permanent committee of the provincial
council, the soldier is hnceforth exempted from service." 
This provision is important; in France motives for exemption are only ad-
mittd when they exist before the draft and mustering in. 


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