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United States Department of State / Papers relating to foreign affairs, accompanying the annual message of the president to the second session thirty-eighth congress
(1864)

Belgium,   pp. 226-266 PDF (15.5 MB)


Page 237

DIPLOMATIC     CORRESPONDENCE. I237 
2d. Those who, by reason of deformity or incurable -infirmity, are forever
un- 
fitted for military service.* 
3d. Those who prove, by a regular and final discharge, that they have been
released from the land or sea service on account of infirmities. 
4th. The ministers of different religiongst 
5th. The brothers of those who have accomplished their term of service, or
who have been discharged for physical defects contracted in and by, the service,
or who have died in the service. This provision is not applicable to the
case of 
"substttution." 
6th. The brothers of those who, having firnished a substitute, have freed
themselves from all responsibility on that head, or whose substitutes, having
ac- 
complished their term of service, have been discharged ;t for bodily defects
con- 
tracted in the performance of their duty, or who have died in the service.
7th. Volunteers who have served the term required by law.§ 
8th. Foreigners belonging to a country where Belgians are not liable to mili-
tary service. 
Temporary exemptions, 
The following are exempted for one year: 
1st. Those who have been condemned to an infamous punishment.1] 
2d. Those who are less than one metre .570 centimetre in height, and who
are judged by the military board unfit for the transport service.l 
3d. Those having temporary infirmities who are decided to be unfit to serve
in the course of the year.I1  Those subject to temporary diseases or infirmities
are not exempted from the service, but they cannot be employed on active
duty 
before they are perfectly cured. They are, nevertheless, placed at the disposal
of the provincial commandant to be assigned to a military corps, and sent,
if 
necessary, to the hospital for treatment. 
4th. The only brother of him or those who are struck with palsy, blindness,
total insanity, or infirmities presumed to be incurable. 
5th. The only unmarried brother in a family, provided he lives with his father
and mother, or the survivor of the two, if he provides for their support
by his 
labors, and if that labor is indispensable thereto. 
6th. Divinity students.  They must present every year to the military 
board a certificate establishing that they are really students in divinity
with the 
intention of following the clerical profession. Those who, after accomplishing
their twenty-third year, have not embraced the clerical profession or taken
orders 
are obliged to serve during five years or to furnish a substitute. 
7th. Those who are serving in the land or sea forces, including the cadets
of 
the military schools.  The cadets who, before attaining the age of twenty-three,
leave the service of their own free Will and without having obtained the
rank of 
officer, shall be, as in the case of students in divinity, who at that age
have not 
See, for the designation of these infirmities, the royal decree of January
19, 1851, an. 
nexed hereto, (B.) 
t It results from administrative interpretatiou, &c., that this enactment
is at present ap- 
plicable to the ministers of the six following religions: Roman Catholics,
the Reformed 
Church, Lutherans, "Remonstrants," "Mennonites," and
Israelites. "The new bill proposes 
to exempt the ministers of every belief having a certain number of adherents.
t As mentioned above, the person replaced is responsible for his substitute,
but he may free 
himself from this responsibility, after eighteen months, by paying into the
treasury the sum 
of sixty dollars. 
§ The new bill proposes to exempt definitely the volunteer or the brother
of the voluteer 
who has accomplished at least five years' service. 
II See what has been said above on the subject and also the royal decree
annexed. 
The new bill modifies this provision and extends it to persons who intend
to embrace the 
career of teachers. See art. 23, Nos. 13 and 14. 


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