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United States Department of State / Papers relating to foreign affairs, accompanying the annual message of the president to the second session thirty-eighth congress

Prussia,   pp. 191-225 PDF (14.3 MB)

Page 224

the rebellion, together with his firm conviction of the ultimate triumph
of the 
government, have had a most favorable and beneficial influence in government
circles here. His position has enabled him to talk freely to the king, queen,
and crown prince, as well as to the circles, mostly military, that surround
His influence, however, has not been confined to that circle, but has reached
other influential personages. I feel that the baron is entitled to our earnest
thanks for his earnestness and untiring zeal in presenting the facts connected
with our struggle, and the conviction which he has impressed upon others
the ultimate and not far distant triumph of the cause of the government.
The campaign of the past summer shows conclusively that the end of the 
rebellion is visible, and your advice to the people at Auburn, "to have
souls in patience," embraces the whole philosophy of the position, and,
if acted 
upon, will relieve the government of the pressure of increasing impatience.
The brilliant termination of Sherman's long and arduous campaign, the old
admiral lashed to the topmast, fighting his splendid battles at Mobile, and
Grant's almost daily pounding of Lee, ought to satisfy the most unreasoning;
and my belief is, that you have passed the lowest ebb, both in military events
and of the public depression; and that the only harbor of safety-a complete
and undivided Union-is before you. 
The peace negotiation between the allies and Denmark "drags its slow
length along"-a situation which quite pleases Herr Von Bismarck, always
provided there is no final rupture between Prussia and Austria. Bismarck
expects to acquire title; and if not title, at any rate a strong interest
in the 
duchies by occupation. The people of the duchies feel to-day that they have
changed "king log for king stork."  They are allowed no more voice
in the 
settlement of their own fate and destiny than any other conquered country
allowed. This may change, but at present such is their position. 
King William again leaves Berlin to-day to be present at the queen's birthday,
at Baden-Baden. He will be absent ten days, and, as usual, is accompanied
by his prime minister. 
Crown Princess Victoria has given birth to a prince, of which happy event
you will, no doubt, be duly advised by a ceremonial letter of his Majesty
the President. 
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 
N. B. JUDD. 
Secretary of State, Washington, D. C. 
Mr. Judd to Mr. Seward. 
No. 72.]                       LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES, 
Berlin, October 5, 1864. 
SIR:     *      *       *      *       *       *      *       * 
The Zollverein treaty of the German states, of which Prussia is the head,
expires by limitation in 1865. Three years ago a commercial treaty was 
negotiated between Prussia and France, a copy of which I have heretofore
forwarded to the department. That treaty was intended as the basis for the
renewal of the Zollverein treaty between the German states. Through the 
influence of Austria, with some of the states of the Zollverein, negotiations
the renewal of that league, on the basis of the French treaty, were delayed
postponed, until it became a necessity for Prussia to announce that on the
of October the Zollverein treaty would be definitely closed with all those

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