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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1955-1957. China
(1955-1957)

United States policy with regard to the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, January-July 1955,   pp. 1-689 ff. PDF (242.1 MB)


Page 620


         620  Foreign Relations, 1955-1957, Volume II
         Taiwan which we got away from Japan. Japan has merely renounced
         sovereignty over Taiwan which has not been disposed of by the
         peace treaty and not ceded to anyone. Consequently the United
         States also could assert a legal claim until Taiwan is disposed
of by
         some means. We cannot, therefore, admit that the disposition of
         Taiwan is merely an internal problem.
             U Nu said that the Chinese Communists are willing to have
         direct talks with Chiang Kai-shek regarding a cease-fire. They would
         be willing to receive-representatives of the Chinese National Govern-
         ment in Peiping or to send a mission to Taipei. Chou En-lai said
he
         was quite prepared to do this. The Secretary responded that we
         would not try to stop such negotiations but evinced some doubt that
         U Nu was correctly informed on this point. U Nu reiterated that
he
         had discussed this matter with Chou En-lai, first at Bandung and
         subsequently at Rangoon. 2 He had then waited until his Embassy
at
         Peiping could confirm again Chou En-lai's willingness for direct
ne-
         gotiations before making any further communication on the subject.
         He hoped that the Secretary would find it possible to persuade the
         Chinese National Government to have such talks although he under-
         stood that pressure would not necessarily cause Chiang to follow
our
         advice. The Secretary commented that both parties had publicly re-
         fused to have talks of the kind envisaged and that U Nu's proposal
         represented a new departure. U Nu underscored the fact that the
         United States would not be a party to such discussions, which would
         be considered an internal affair.
             The Secretary referred to our treaty relations with Formosa
and
         explained that we are in a position to assure the CPR that they
will
         not be offensively 3 attacked. He pointed out that the fighting
had
         almost stopped except for a few rounds a day. In general the situa-
         tion has quieted down. He referred to Chiang Kai-shek's desire to
         use his air power to interfere with the buildup of the Chinese Com-
         munist air power opposite Taiwan and spoke at length of our refusal
         to give our consent to such action. In response to U Nu's question
         regarding a general lack of Chinese Communist planes, pilots, etc.,
         Mr. Robertson spoke of the buildup of Chinese Communist air
         strength as well as the continued violation of the armistice in
North
         Korea. The Secretary referred to the problem of disarmament when
         no arrangement under which the Communists can be trusted appears
         feasible. He said that this was the greatest obstacle to carrying
out
         agreements with the Communists.
             U Nu thought that it would be advisable to divide the talks
into
         two parts: (a) direct talks between the Chinese Communists and
             2 Premier Chou visited Rangoon in mid-April on his way to Bandung.
i            3Th word "offensively" is added on the source text
in Dulles' handwriting.


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