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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. General; the United Nations (in two parts)

United States policy at the United Nations with respect to the regulation of armaments and collective security: the international control of atomic energy; regulation of conventional armaments; efforts toward agreements placing armed forces at the disposal of the Security Council,   pp. 311-505 ff. PDF (84.3 MB)

Page 339

manent members of the Security Council and study by the Department
of the political implications.6
    In a memorandum of January 22, 1948, to the Under Secretary of State,
 the Counselor, and the 'State Member on the State-Army-Navy-Air Force Coordi-
 nating Committee (SANACC), Rusk had urged that this proposal be given con-
 sideration (501/1-2248). SANACC 219/18, April 21, 1948, not printed, "Imple-
 mentation of Article 43 of the United Nations Charter," a study presented
 SANACC by the State Member, also included the recommendation that the
 question of a United States offer of forces be examined. The Committee referred
 SANACC 219/18 to its ad hoc Committee to Effect Collaboration -Between the
 State, Army, Navy, and Air Force Departments on Security Functions of the
 United Nations for study and recommendation. However, SANACC took no
 final action on'the paper prior to its dissolution in 1949. (SANACO Files)
 Policy Planning Staff Files
 Memorandum by the Director of the Policy Planning Staff (Kennan)
 to the Secretary of State and the Under Secretary of State (Lovett)
 TOP SECRET                        .     .[WASHINGTON,] May 7, 1948.
   I have just seen the final draft-of Senator Vandenberg's proposed
 Senate Resolution on international peace and security matters.'
   I think it regrettable that paragraph (5) has been included.2
   The Planning Staff ,is about to recommend that this Government
 make no independent move to place at the dis posal .of the Security
 Council forces under Article 43.3 We are unable to see what practical
 purpose .this could serve; and it is ,our view that it is unprofitable for
 this Government in the long :run to strike attitudes, for- the sake ,of
 appearing virtuous, when there is no intrinsic :consideratilon of na-
 tional interest involved. The real. ,problems of world security at -this
 juncture are plainly t'he ones created by the policies of the Soviet
 Union itself. The Security Council istgenerally 'powerless to act in
 these matters; and even if it were able to take,,decisions, no forces
 which ,might be placed at its 1disposal in present conditions couldconr-
 ceivably be great enough to enable it to enforce its decisions against.
 will of the Soviet Union.
 1 Reference Is to the version of the "Vandenberg Resolution" approved
by the
 President on May 7, 1948; for text, see vol. in, p. 118. For additional
 tation on the preparation of the resolution, see ibid., pp. 1-3M1 ff., passim,.
For text
 of the resolution, very nearly identical to the May 7 text, reported by
Senator Van-
 denberg in the Senate on May 19 and passed by the Senate on June 11, as
 Resolution 239, 80th Cong., see footnote 7, p. 25.
 SParagraph(5) indicated that the Senate reaffirmed the policy of the United
 States to expend "Maximum efforts to provide the United Nations with
 forces as contemplated by the Charter, and to obtain agreement among member
 nations upon universal regulation and reduction of armaments under adequatte
 and dependable guarantees against violation." Senate Resolution 239
substantially ,the same provision.
   See PPS/34, June 29, p. 359.

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