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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Near East and Africa
(1947)

"The Pentagon talks of 1947" between the United States and the United Kingdom concerning the Middle East and the eastern Mediterranean,   pp. 485-626 PDF (55.6 MB)


Page 575


"THE PENTAGON TALKS OF 194,7"
because we believe it to be vital that the peoples of the Middle East
should develop their future national existence as democratic 'and not
as extremist countries. But if they are to do so they will continue to
require assistance in social and economic fields. The low standard of
living and the social disequilibrium of most of the Middle Eastern
countries are bad in themselves and particularly dangerous as laying
the countries open to the penetration of all kinds of extremist ideas.
At the present time, political stability in these countries depends
largely on a satisfactory solution of these difficulties. It is our desire
to continue to render assistance to the full measure of our capacity.
NEA Files: Lot 55-D36
          Memorandum Prepared in the Department of State
 TOP SECRET                                 [WASHINGTON, undated.]
                        THE AMERICAN PAPER
   After detailed discussion and careful deliberation, and after a full
exchange of views with both American and British military advisers,
we have arrived at the following basic conclusions:
   1 Since the basic objective of the foreign policy of the United
 States is the maintenance of world peace in accordance with the prin-
 ciples of the Charter of the United Nations, the Government of the
 United States must be concerned with any situations which might
 develop into international armed conflict. The Eastern Mediterranean
 and the Middle East is an area in which such situations exist at the
 present time.
   2. The security of the Eastern Mediterranean and of the Middle
East is vital to the security of the United States. (It is understood that
the British Government has already arrived at the conclusion that the
security of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East is vital to
the security of Great Britain, but has not as yet made policy decisions
based on this conclusion.)
   3. The-security of the whole Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East
would be jeopardized if the Soviet Union should succeed in its efforts
to obtain control of any one of the following countries: Italy, Greece,
Turkey, or Iran.
  4. In view of the foregoing, it should be the policy of the United
States, in accordance with the principles, and in the spirit of the
Charter of the United Nations, to support !the security of the Eastern
Mediterranean and the Middle East. As a corollary of this policy the
United States should assist in maintaining the territorial integrity
and political independence of Italy, Greece, Turkey, and Iran.
i575


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