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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1958-1960. Cuba
(1958-1960)

Cuba,   pp. 1-1191 ff. PDF (403.9 MB)


Page 885


  INAUGURATION BY THE U.S. GOVERNMENT OF A POLICY
  TO WEAKEN THE CUBAN ECONOMY, APRIL-JULY 1960
499.   Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State
       for Inter-American Affairs (Mallory) to the Assistant
       Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Rubottom)1
                                          Washington, April 6, 1960.
SUBJECT
    The Decline and Fall of Castro
    Salient considerations respecting the life of the present Govern-
ment of Cuba are:
    1. The majority of Cubans support Castro (the lowest estimate I
have seen is 50 percent).
    2. There is no effective political opposition.
    3. Fidel Castro and other members of the Cuban Government
espouse or condone communist influence.
    4. Communist influence is pervading the Government and the
body politic at an amazingly fast rate.
    5. Militant opposition to Castro from without Cuba would only
serve his and the communist cause.
    6. The only foreseeable means of alienating internal support is
through disenchantment and disaffection based on economic dissatis-
faction and hardship.
    If the above are accepted or cannot be successfully countered, it
follows that every possible means should be undertaken promptly to
weaken the economic life of Cuba. If such a policy is adopted, it
should be the result of a positive decision which would call forth a line
of action which, while as adroit and inconspicuous as possible, makes
the greatest inroads in denying money and supplies to Cuba, to de-
crease monetary and real wages, to bring about hunger, desperation
and overthrow of government.
    The principal item in our economic quiver would be flexible au-
thority in the sugar legislation. This needs to be sought urgently. All
other avenues should likewise be explored. But first, a decision is
   1 Source: Department of State, Central Files, 737.00/4-660. Secret. Drafted
by Mal-
lory.
                                                              885


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