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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1952-1954. Korea (in two parts)

V. January 3-April 26, 1953: new look at Korea under the Eisenhower administration,   pp. 721-937 PDF (85.1 MB)

Page 827

Korea if it turned out that the Communists dragged out their current
proposals for perhaps a period of three months and no real armistice
was in prospect.
  Mr. Robertson expressed the opinion that the American people
would, under the circumstances, support an all-out effort in Korea.
  [Here follows discussion of the Mutual Security Program and the
view of the Consultants that it should be drastically cut. Other topics
were raised and then Malott brought up the question of "public hysteria
with respect to atomic weapons and the danger of atomic attack.".For
text of the memorandum of discussion at this meeting, see the. compila-
tion on national security policy in volume II.]
  Mr. Malott argues that he nevertheless believed that we ought to use
a couple of atomic weapons in Korea..,
  The President replied that perhaps we.should,,but we. could not blind
ourselves to the effects of0such a move on our allies, which would be
very serious since they feel that they will be the battleground in an
atomic war between the United States and the Soviet Union. Neverthe-
less, the President and Secretary Dulles were in complete agreement
that somehow or other the tabu which surrounds the use of atomic
weapons would have to be destroyed. While Secretary Dulles admitted
that in the present state of world opinion we could not use an A-bomb,
we. should make every effort now to dissipate this feeling,.
   [Here follow an informal presentation, by Governor Stassen on cuts
 in MSA without prejudicing national security andthe opinions of.the
 other members of the Council and. of the Civilian Consultants. on Stas-
 sen's program.]
                                                S.. EVERETT GLEASON
                                            Deputy Executive Secretary
 Eisenhower Library, Eisenhower papers, Whitman file
          Memorandum by the President to the Secretary of State
                                       [WASHINGTON,] March 31, 1953.
   I did*not. see the final dispatch sent to Clark on 'Sunday evening.1
 However, I assume that it contained the statement that the entire proc-
 ess of exchanging sick and wounded was to be a completed fact before
 broader negotiations could be undertaken.'
   I think it important, also, that-every -responsible official in the Ad-
 ministration who may be called upon to speak a public word on this
 subject understand this particular, pointthoroughly.
1 The reference was to telegram JCS 935136 to Clark, Mar. 29, p. 822.

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