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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The Near East and Africa
(1951)

The Near and Middle East: multilateral relations,   pp. 1-342 PDF (132.2 MB)


Page 62


  encouragement to liberal and moderate elements with a view to broad-
  ening the base of consent of the governed and producing desired re-
  forms, suited to the culture of the particular country, which will
  contribute to well being and stability in the long run. From a short
  term standpoint, however, it is not desirable that the present degree
  of stability existing in the Middle East be undermined by too rapid
  change.
                                  VI
  REVIEW AND EVALUATION OF UNITED NATIONS ACTION DURING 1950 WIITh
                  RESPECT TO THE PALESTINE PROBLEM
  A. Conclusions
    Palestine Conciliation Commis8ion 7
    1. Lack of appreciable progress toward solution of the Palestine
  refugee problem continues to prejudice chances of improvement in
  relations between the Arab states and Israel. Essential to such progress
  are (a) clarification of the present position of the Government of
  Israel in relation to the question of repatriation, and (b) a clear under-
  standing of Israel's conception of, and proposals for dealing with,
  compensation as an alternative to repatriation.
    2. Some hope for possible progress in 1951 may be found in the
 fact that, -during 1950, the Arabs moved away from their earlier in-
 sistence on implementation of the General Assembly partition plan,
 which they have repeatedly claimed under the Lausanne protocol of
 May 12, 1949 8 as the basis for solution of the Palestine problem.
 Although the Arabs have not abandoned the principle of repatriation,
 and may be expected to continue to reaffirm it, they show signs of
 becoming more realistic as to the obstacles to any satisfactory imple-
 mentation of this principle, and are giving serious thought to the
 alternative of compensation and to the concept of reintegration.
   3. During 1950 the Government of Israel also relaxed its position
 somewhat as regards the question of compensation, and has given
 assurance of cooperation with the Palestine Conciliation Commission
 and its compensation committee and with the new office established
 under the 1950 General Assembly resolution. The Government of
 Israel has also shown some disposition to give further consideration
 to the question of blocked accounts. Some progress had already been
 made during 1950 on this latter question, but it is still the subject of
 Palestine Conciliation Commission discussions with the Government
 of Israel. These discussions are seeking to persuade the Israelis to
 recognize that these accounts offer them an opportunity to give evi-
 dence of good will, and so contribute to improvement of the general
 7 For further documentation on the Palestine Conciliation Commission, see
 pp. 559 ff.
    Frdocumentation on the Lausanne protocol, see Foreign Relations, 1949,
vol. vI, pp. 996 ift.
FOREIGN RELATIONS, 19 51, VOLUME V
62


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