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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The United Nations; the Western Hemisphere
(1951)

The United Nations,   pp. 1-869 PDF (338.7 MB)


Page 377


THE UNITED NATIONS
377
  3. If Security Council reconsideration of other applications should
follow reconsideration of Italy's application, the United States should
support the admission of the non-Soviet applicants and oppose the
admission of the Soviet applicants to whose admission the United
States objects on Charter grounds. The United States should not ac-
cept a Soviet omnibus proposal requiring our consent to the admission
of one or more Soviet applicants in return for Soviet agreement to
admit Italy and possibly other non-Soviet applicants and should con-
sult the Department if such a proposal is made.
  4. The United States Delegation should indicate its willingness to
consider any proposal to achieve the iadmission of qualified states
which can reasonably be found to be consistent with the Charter.
However, the Delegation should point out the basic Charter difficulties
in the plans which have recently been proposed by Italy and Peru,
and should vote against these plans unless they have the strong sup-
port of the majority of United Nations Members, in which case the
Delegation should consult the Department.
  5. If efforts to obtain the admission of Italy fail, the United States
Delegation should support an amendment to Article 86 of the Charter
to give Italy full voting rights in the Trusteeship Council provided
this course is desired by the Italians (see position paper, SD/A!
C.4/90), and should also consult with the Italians and with other-
United Nations Members with a view to exploring the possibility of
giving Italy the right to participate in the main committees of the
General Assembly if the Italians want such participation. The pres-
ent assumption is that such participation in the committees would be
without vote. The Delegation may also support such arrangements for
other qualified applicants if they are interested.
                             COMMENT
  1. The United States has consistently expressed the view that the
objective of a universal United Nations membership should be achieved
as rapidly as states meet the qualifications for membership under the
Charter. It has supported, and continues to support strongly, the ad-
mission of the nine non-Soviet applicants, (Austria, Ceylon, Finland,
Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Republic of Korea, Portugal and Nepal),
which the overwhelming majority of United Nations Members con-
siders qualified but which have been excluded from membership by the
veto of the Soviet Union. It looks forward to the time when other coun-
tries qualified for membership will also be admitted. The United States
has declared that it does not intend to permit its votein the 'Security
Council to prevent the admission to membership of any applicant
which has received seven affirmative votes in the Security Council and
has repeatedly requested the SovietUnion to refrain from exercising
its veto over membership applications.


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