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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1949. The United Nations; The Western Hemisphere

The United Nations ,   pp. 1-391 ff. PDF (146.7 MB)

Page 307

In no case should the application of the so-called "People's Republic
of Korea" (Soviet-dominated North Korea) be included in the request.
7. Waiver of Veto Right on Memrber8hip Applicatiorw
  The United States and United Kingdom stated formally in the
Security Council that they had no intention in the future of permitting
their votes to prevent the admission to membership of any applicant
receiving 7 affirmative votes in the Security Council. China stated its
readiness to renounce use of the veto to this extent if all permanent
members so agree. The French representative made no such commit-
ment. A General Assembly resolution of April 14, 1949 recommended
in effect that the permanent members seek agreement among them-
selves upon non-exercise of the veto on a number of matters including
membership applications. Consultations for this purpose will probably
not have been completed when the membership question is considered.
  It may, according to circumstances, be advantageous to inspire a
provision recommending non-use of the veto right on membership
applications. Our decision not to use the veto in such votes presents a
most advantageous contrast to the Soviet misuse of the veto. Since,
moreover, France and China would not be subject to serious criticism
because the U.S.S.R. is the only member which has used the veto on
applications thus far, these two members would probably not have
serious objection. However, such a provision should be discussed in
advance with the French and Chinese Delegations. The United States
should vote for any such provision if submitted.
8. Argentine Proposals
  The United States-and nearly all members of the Assembly-
have consistently opposed the Argentine thesis that under the Charter,
the Assembly has full and exclusive power over membership appli-
cations. A suggestion that the International Court of Justice be re-
quested for an advisory opinion on one aspect of this question-the
meaning of the word "recommendation" in Article 4 of the Charter-
should be discouraged. Especially in the light of the uniform practice
of the Security Council and General Assembly, this question does not
involve enough difficulty to justify referral to the Court.
501.BB/10-2949: Telegram
The United States Representative at the United Nations (Austin) to
                      the Secretary of State
                            NEW YORK, October 29,1949-4: 12 p. m.
 Delga 156. Australian delegation today submitted nine draft reso-
 lutions on membership relating to Austria, Ceylon, Finland, Ireland,

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