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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. The Near East, South Asia, and Africa (in two parts)

Israel,   pp. 533-1707 ff. PDF (461.4 MB)

Page 1295

501.BB Palestine/8-748 : Telegram
     The Charge in Egypt (Patterson) to the Secretary of State
 SECRET                             CAIRo, August 7, 1948-11 a. m.
   1103-A. (1) Count Bernadotte in reviewing recent developments his
mission Palestine with Ireland at Alexandria said he was making
progress in obtaining acquiescence existence Israeli state if not its
formal acceptance by Arab states. His talks with Transjordan and
Lebanese Prime Ministers indicated Transjordan and Lebanon would
so acquiesce. Both sought speedy decision. Azzam Pasha also ap-
parently convinced necessity to admit existence Jewish state although
not ready to make statement now since he believed time should be,
given for preparation public opinion. Bernadotte had pointed out to
Azzam Pasha that decision could not be delayed beyond next meeting
GA   in September. Bernadotte expected to see Prime Minister
Nokrashy Pasha for his views this problem and that of refugees. He
had not seen Prime Ministers Syria or Iraq but expected them to be
more intransigent.
   (2) With reference refugees Bernadotte said condition 30-0,000 to
400,000 Arab refugees without food, clothing and shelter was ap-
palling. He hoped various welfare organizations could be induced
take interest but basic problem was their eventual return to their
home. In this connection Bernadotte said PGI was "showing signs
of swelled-head". Shertok to whom he had put this most pressing and
urgent problem had indicated politically PGI could not admit AraN
refugees as they would constitute fifth column. Economically PGI had
no room for Arabs since their space was needed for Jewish immi-
grants. Shertok when pressed had replied nothing could be done until
peace was made. In any event government reserved right to replace
them with Jews from Arab countries who had expressed desire to
come to Palestine. Bernadotte commented that it seemed anomaly for
Jews to base demand for Jewish state on need to find home Jewish
refugees and that they should demand migration to Palestine of
Jewish DP's when they refused to recognize problem of Arab refugees
which they had created.
  In regard to property Arab refugees he said apparently most had
been seized for use by Jews. He had seen Haganah organizing and
supervising removal contents Arab houses in Ramle which he under-
stood was being distributed among newly arrived Jewish immigrants.
He was putting problem before SC 1 but was not counting on its as-
sistance. Also spoke of asking for special session GA to consider
  Fo Count Bernadet~te's cablegram of AuguSt 1 ,to Secretary-General Lie
cerning A~rab refugees, see SOC, 3rd yr., Supplement :for August 1948, p.

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