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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1938. General
(1938)

Meeting at Evian, France, to form an inter-governmental committee for assistance of political refugees from Germany including Austria,   pp. 740-886 PDF (54.6 MB)


Page 853

 POLITICAL REFUGEES 853
zations and individuals could produce. The remainder of Andreae's statement
dealt with the difficulties which the Netherlands Government was facing with
regard to transmigrants.
 10. Winterton closed the general remarks by repeating the details as to
the British contribution made in the House of Commons recently by the Prime
Minister and the Home Secretary, referred to the fact that 200 Jewish children
had arrived that day and more would follow running into many thousands, and
mentioned that the Australian Government had announced the day before that
it would accept 5000 refugees annually for the next 3 years. Winterton went
in some details into the Guiana project, said that it would comprise 40,000
square miles instead of 10,000 as mentioned in Parliament and said that the
British Jewish organizations were making a plan to begin a survey at once.
 At this point Mr. Taylor asked the French and Dutch representatives whether
their Governments would be willing to contribute in the Guianas as well as
the British. Berenger and Andreae replied in the negative.
 11. Winterton concluded his statement by telling what the British Government
had done in Palestine emphasizing that the British had offered the Jews a
national home in Palestine, not Palestine as a national home for the Jews,
and said that further action taken with regard to Palestine was contingent
upon the conference which had been called by McDonald.
 12. At this point I raised the question which had been causing considerable
confusion in the efforts to relieve the deplorable situation of the refugees.
The Evian resolution defines my mandate as, first, negotiation with the German
Government, and second, negotiation with the countries of settlement to find
a solution of the refugee problem. The claim is made that the resolution
indicates that persons who have left Germany but who have not found a final
place of settlement are in my charge. These people are clearly in the charge
of the League High Commissioner. The question of duplication of mandate causes
very considerable confusion among the workers for the refugees and causes
me embarrassment because these people and the refugees themselves believe
that I am responsible for a solution of the problem in the countries of refuge
and that I should make recommendations and take steps to improve the situation.
I asked the officers for a clarification of this point in order that I might
know whether I was to be held responsible for the intermediate stage of refuge
or whether it was to be the responsibility of the League High Commissioner,
and in short, just what their desires were. A very heated discussion followed
in which Berenger, Andreae and Winterton indicated that they wished no interference
with what their Gov


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