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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, The Paris Peace Conference, 1919
(1919)

The Council of Four: minutes of meetings March 20 to May 24, 1919,   pp. [V]-917 ff. PDF (305.7 MB)


Page 1

THE COUNCIL OF FOUR: MINUTES OF MEETINGS
MARCH 20 TO MAY 24, 1919
Paris Peace Cona. 180.03401/101                          IC-163A
Notes of a Conference Held in the Prime Minister's Flat at 23
Rue Nitot, Paris, on Thursday, March 20, 1919, at 3 p. m.
PRESENT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA           IBRrSH EMPIRE
President Wilson:       The Rt. Hon. D. Lloyd George, M. P.,
The Rt. Hon. A. J. Balfour, 0. M., M. P.,
General Allenby:
General Bols:
Lt.-Col. Sir M. P. A. Hankey, K. C. B.,
FRANCE                           ITALY
M. Clemenceau:          M. Orlando:
M. Pichon:              Baron Sonnino:
M. Berthelot:
Interpreter-Prof. P. J. Mantoux
SYRIA AND TURKEY
M. CLE MENCEAU suggested that M. Pichon should open the discus-
sion.
M. PICHON began by explaining that the origin of this question was
the agreement of May 1916 (Sykes-Picot)l concluded between Great
Britain and France in regard to Mesopotamia, Syria, and the adjoin-
ing regions. This agreement had two objects. First, to detach the
Arabs from the Turks; second, to decide the claims of Great Britain
and France. He then proceeded to explain the principles of the dis-
positions made on a map.2 The agreement fixed a zone coloured blue
within which France would exercise direct administration, and a zone
coloured red in which England would exercise direct administration.
In addition, there was a zone coloured white enclosed by a blue line
within which France should exercise indirect administration, known
as zone A. and a corresponding zone enclosed in a red line within which
Great Britain would exercise indirect administration (Zone B). At
this stage it was unnecessary to say anything of the subsequent agree-
ment with Italy. Within the A. and B. zones it was intended to favour
the creation of an independent Arab State or Confederation of Arab
States. In area A. France, and [in] area B. Great Britain should alone
1 Current History, vol. xi, pt. ii (March, 1920), p. 499.
2 See map accompanying text of agreement, op. cit. No map accompanies De-
partment's file copy of the minutes.


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