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United States Department of State / The executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-ninth Congress. 1886-'87

China,   pp. 66-168 PDF (49.1 MB)

Page 101

                                CHINA.                          101
 necessary for cost' of transportation of same, to be distributed among
 the sufferers in the Shuntien prefecture.
   On the same day the Empress Regent granted by imperial decree
 from the palace-fund the sum of 20,000 taels for the same purpose.
   On the 5th of September a further decree appeared, based upon a
 memorial presented by the governor-general, Li Hung Chang, grant-
 ing an appropriation of 100,000 taels to be used at once in giving succor
 and relief to the destitute in various districts in the prefectures of Tien-
 tsin and Yungping, the money to be furnished by the provincial
 treasurer of Chihli. The Empress also decreed on the same'day that
 the board of revenue shall appropriate 20,000 taels from the moneys
 due for the imperial palace, to be applied toward giving relief to Ă½the
 distressed throughtout the flooded districts in the province of Chihli.
   Hundreds of refugees are seen daily-men, women, and chjldren-
 going to andyreturning from the Government soup kitchens, where they
 receive a quantity of gruel per diem, but the small amount received,
 cannot very well support life, especially to those who are half-clothed-,,
 and barely sheltered from the nights' cold.
   In the districts surrounding and belonging to-Tientsin through which
 the high road to Peking passes, for nearly 15 miles every village is de-
 stroyed, the country presenting one vast and almost uninterruiped ex-
 panse, of water, dotted here and there with island hamlets (the walls of
 the remaining houses) and forlorn trees. Boats of various description
 are to be seen skimming over these waters, and the trade in fishing-has
 received an immense impetus, many of the farmers, whose means of sup-
 port. by agricultural pursuits are cut off, having taken to fishing as a
 source of livelihood. While this occupation will help to keep many
 from the pangs of hunger for a short time, it will; cease when the water
 is frozen.
       I have, &c.,
                                             CHARLES DENBY.
                               No. 64.
                    Cheng Tsao Ju to Mr. Bayard.
                                         CHINESE LEGATION,
                              Washington, D. C., November 30, 1885".
   SIR: I have the honor to state that it becomes my painful duty to
bring formally to the notice of your excellency a subject of the gravest
importance, heretofore referred to in other notes, and to ask for:it the
careful and considerate attention which distinguishes your conduct
towards this legation and my Government.
  It appears that several hundred subjects of his Imperial Majesty
the Emperor of China having entered the territory of the United States
n accordance with treaty stipulations, had located themselves at Rock
Springs, in the Federal Territory of Wyoming had there erected houses'
and for a number of years past had been engaged in the lawful'pursuits
of peaceful industry. On the 2d of September last these subjects,
while quietly engaged in their usual avocations, were suddenly attacked,,
without any provocation on their part, by a lawless band of armed men

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