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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. The Near East, South Asia, and Africa (in two parts)

Israel,   pp. 533-1707 ff. PDF (461.4 MB)

Page 985

tion. Jewish national administration which is already functioning in
wholly Jewish areas and partly in Jerusalem will become government
of new Jewish state. So far with exception of Irgun attack on Jaffa and
Haganah occupation of certain areas on Jerusalem-Tel Aviv road
Jews have strictly observed territorial limits imposed by UN resolu-
tion of 29 November. However speculation is rife as to whether new-
found strength may not encourage Jews to attempt to acquire more
territory. Jewish Agency spokesman when asked by (AP ?).2 corre-
spondent whether Jewish Agency would regard invasion of Palestine
by Arab Armies as releasing Agency from obligations olf 29, November
resolution, replied that Ben Gurion had always said that main aim of
Jews was to get all of Palestine. Jewish Agency officials have stead-
fastly maintained intention to remain within UN boundaries and Con-
sulate General has seen no particular indication up to present that
they have changed their plans. Most observers believe that Jews are
winning first round at least of their battle and will desire consolidate
   Arab opposition to Jews in towns has completely disintegrated.
 Haifa is under Jewish domination; Jaffa is a deserted city and has been
 declared "open city";' and the Arabs have been given much needed
 breather by cease-fire. It is not believed Jerusalem Arabs would be
 able to present much opposition to Jews if latter decided to occupy
 city. Most representative Arabs have fled to neighboring countries and
 Arabs of authority are found only after most diligent searching. Con-
 sequently truce and cease-fire talks are greatly hampered and slowed
 down. It is possible Arabs do not wish to be placed in difficult position
 of having to make definite decisions which would be public admission
 of fact that Jews have upper hand. Perhaps they hope events will de-
 cide future course of policy. We believe Arab Legion and possibly
 other Arab armies will march into Arab areas of Palestine after termi-
 nation of January date . but will not risk major operation with Jews.
 Existence of informal arrangements between Jews and Abdullah
 should not be overlooked. Abdullah's desire for additional territory
 and lucrative neighbor as well as his present strong position with fel-
 low rulers may make such agreement possible of execution.4
   2As in the source text.
   3"January date" which appears in the source text should presumably
   London advilsed, ion May 11, of information from Mr. Burrows that "In
 urging Arab states to accept truce past few days British representatives
 Foreign Office instructions have taken line that it is better for Arab Govern-
 ments to stand fast against popular demand for intervention than to intervene
 unsuccessfully. In latter event governments could not hope weather popular
 rage at failure. Burrows considers this effective argument since no Arab
 is in any financial or supply po~sition :to conduct lengthy campaign P~ales'tine."'
 (Telegram 2053, 867N.0l/5-1148)

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