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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. The Near East, South Asia, and Africa (in two parts)
(1948)

Israel,   pp. 533-1707 ff. PDF (461.4 MB)


Page 564


564
FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1948, VOLUME V
opposing groups." (In this connection Mr. Kopper gave his view that
"The abortive and utterly weak efforts of Dr. Evatt to bring concilia-
tion to bear during the General Assembly session can hardly be classed
as United Nations conciliation."); and the growing. realization that
features of the plan relating to the Palestine Commission were
partially or totally unworkable.
   Mr. Kopper then noted ominous signs in the present situation which
 portended the total unworkability of the plan unless it were imple-
 mented by force, namely the Arab League decision at Cairo on Decem-
 ber 17, 1947, -to "support the Palestine Arabs in the form of arms,
 ammunition, funds and volunteers, li.e., everything short of actual par-
 ticipation by the states themselves"; the discontinuation of work on
 the western half of the Trans-Arabian pipeline; the attempts by the
 Arabs to obtain arms from any source;-and the start of a tremendous
 Zionist drive for funds, arms and ammunition, and other assistance.
   Mr. Kopper, in Section II, analyzed possible courses of action by
 the United States, namely to support fully the partition plan without
 regard for the ultimate cost; to assume a passive role; and to alter the
 policy of the United States away from support of partition. He
 rejected the first two courses and made it "an essential prerequisite
 that a determination be made as to the best method by which the
 United States could obtain renewed consideration of the Palestine
 matter by the U.N."]
                         II-CONCLUSmoNS
   It is evident from the foregoing that there is no clear cut solution
to the Palestine problem which would be completely acceptable .to all
parties. This has been pointed out in the UNSCOP report ,and is the
unanimous view of all observers of the situation. However, it is also
evident that certain solutions may be less costly than otheirs. The grow-
ing 'tendency to refer to -the recommendation of the General Assembly
as a decision which nmust 'be carried outmust not be allowed to divert
our attention from the fact that the action of the General Assembly was
only a recommendation. The United Nations has above all an obliga-
tion to preserveI peace by peaceful methods so long as this is possible.
The United Nations should retain a, degree of flexibility and be able
'to alter its suggested solution of a matter when such is necessary ,in
the light of changing conditions. There are serious doubts .as to
whether the Arabs of Palestine are under any obligations whatsoever,
legal or moral, to be bound by the General Assembly recommendation.
The situation is an anomalous one. The method of improving it is not
to be found in forcing something on the peoples which is based on
dubious grounds. Instead the United Nations should consider other
possibili~ties ,which migh~t 'be ,more acceptable. Accordingly, i~t is recoin-


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