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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The British Commonwealth; Europe
(1947)

Europe,   pp. 196-654 PDF (168.7 MB)


Page 246


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1947, VOLUME III
  All this the Secretary recalled. Accordingly, he got in touch with
Harvard and said he wanted his degree. This again is reported to
have surprised Harvard, which already had a speaker and whose com-
niencement, only a few days away, was practically complete as to
arrangements. But Harvard gracefully acquiesced. And the historic
speech was given at Harvard. Ed Mason 16 says that he doesn't be-
lieve this story because, as he puts it, Harvard does not alter its
arrangements even for the Secretary of State.
  Joe Harsch of CBS and the Christian Science Monitor has printed
this story as to why the Marshall plan should be called the Miall plan.'7
Leonard Miall is the BBC correspondent in Washington and inci-
dentally a neighbor, car-pool mate and friend of mine. I recall very
well that the evening of June 4, as we were driving home, he com-
plained that he had just finished writing out a script for the next
day's noon broadcast on plans for United States economic aid to
Europe, when on his way home he had stopped by the newsroom of
the Department and picked up a copy of the Harvard speech. This
required him to tear up his script and start again. (It seems to me
noteworthy in retrospect that aid to Europe was such a widespread
thought in Washington that M/iall would have written several scripts
on the subject, starting out with the Acheson Delta speech. Ile was
fairly close to Acheson, with whom, along with a group of British
journalists, he had lunched once or twice.)
  Miall handed me the text of the Marshall speech in the back of the
car. I hastily read it as the car moved along and suggested that this
was big news and that he would most certainly have to do a new script.
I recall that Miall was irritated as well by the fact that there was no
firm release date on the Marshall speech, release being the indeterminate
hour the speech would begin at Harvard. This was a usual annoyance
for him, however, in booking circuits to London.
  Harsch's story runs to the effect that Philip Jordan, the information
officer of the British Embassy asked Mr. Balfour, then the Charg ,
whether he should cable the Foreign Office the text of the Secretary's
speech. Balfour is reported to have said no-just another commence-
ment speech.
  The rest of the British and foreign press were all off running down
some other story which they featured in their cables-United States
note to some country like Hungary-if I recall correctly. Only Mal-
colm Mugg&ridge of the Daily Telegraph and Leonard Miall of BBC
  16 Edward S. Mason, professor of economics at Harvard University, and a
consultant to the Department of State.
  " Mr. Miall, BBC correspondent in Washington, 1945-53, wrote his own
account
itl The Listener, London, May 4, 1961, in an article entitled "How the
Marshall
Plan Started."
246


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