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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1950. National security affairs; foreign economic policy
(1950)

Foreign policy aspects of United States development of atomic energy,   pp. 493-598 PDF (40.7 MB)


Page 493


    FOREIGN POLICY ASPECTS OF UNITED STATES
           DEVELOPMENT OF ATOMIC ENERGY'
855:A.2546/1-1050,: Telegram
   The Ambassador in Belgium (Murphy) to the Secretary of State
TOP SECRET                        BRUSSELS, January 10, 1950-7 p. m.
  41. For Under Secretary eyes only. Deptel 22, January 6.2
  1. Though I know Depaitment has background fully in mind, I
venture first to review it for convenient reference and in order Depart-
ment can judge my reasoning leading up to tentative recommendations
at end of this telegram.
  2. As Department is aware, Belgian motivation for talks goes back
several years and Department will recall principally negotiations
leading to Spaak's statement in Senate July 3, 1947,3 and Spaak
representations to Secretary Marshall October 3, 1947.4 At this time
  Continued from Foreign Relations, 1949, vol. i, pp. 419 ff. For documentation
on United States policy with respect to the regulation of armaments, including
international control of atomic energy, see pp. 1 ff. For documentation on
United
States national security policy, see pp. 126 ff. Additional documentation
on the
attitude of the Soviet Union regarding atomic energy is scheduled for publication
in volume Iv. For documentation on United States-United Kingdom security
ar-
rangements in areas other than atomic energy, see vol. in, pp. 1598 ff.
  For extensive additional information, see Richard G. Hewlett and Francis
Duncan, Atomic Shield, 1947-1952: A History of the United States Atomic Energy
Commission, volume ii ,(University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State
University Press, 1969). Relevant memoir sources include David E. Lilienthal,
The Atomic Energy Years, 1945-1950 (New York: Harper and Row, 1964) ; Dean
Acheson, Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department (New York:
Norton, 1969); ;and George F. Kennan, Memoirs: 1925-1950 (Boston: Little,
Brown and Company, 1967).
  2Telegram 22 of January 6 read in part as follows : "In preparing
for Belgian
talks now scheduled begin Jan 30 Embs views requested what constitutes Bel-
gians main motivation for talks and what their essential objectives 'are."
(855A.2546/1-650) For documentation on the background of the talks under
reference, see Foreign Relations, 1949, vol. I, pp. 419 ff.
  1In Ithe statement under reference, Premier Paul-Henri Spaak stated that
during the Second World War, Belgium had concluded arrangements respecting
uranium with the United States and the United Kingdom, arrangements under
which Belgian interests were safeguarded. For the text of Spaak's statement,
see
telegram 1071 from Brussels, July 4, 1947, ibid., 1947, vol. i, p. 825. For
text of
the Memorandum of Agreement Between the United States, the United Kingdom,
and Belgium regarding the control of uranium, September 26, 1944, see ibid.,
1944, Vol. IT, pp. 1029-1030.
  'For memorandumn of the Spaak-Marshall conversation of October 3, 1947,
see
ibid., 1947, vol.I, p. 841.
                                                              493


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