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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1949. The Far East: China
(1978)

Increasing difficulties of the Consulate at Darien due to actions of Soviet and Chinese Communist authorities; closure of the Consulate,   pp. 860-932 PDF (26.0 MB)


Page 860


INCREASING      DIFFICULTIES      OF   THE    CONSULATE      AT
  DAIREN DUE TO ACTIONS OF SOVIET AND CHINESE
  COMMUNIST AUTHORITIES; CLOSURE                OF THE     CON-
  SULATE1
123 Gleysteen, Culver: Telegram
     The Consul at Dairen (Paddock) to the Secretary of State
                                DAnrRN, January 11, 1949-6 p. n.
                                [Received January 13-10:45 p. m.]
  12. Soviet refusal issue Gleysteen 2 pass (re immediate preceding
telegram 3) highlights Consulate difficulties arising from  peculiar
international status Dairen.
  On one hand is Soviet interpretation their rights here and US com-
pliance with that interpretation-for example, acquiescence to Soviet
refusal allow US ship come here with couriers. On other hand is
fact Kwantung government has dual nature by being both a Soviet
puppet and an extension of Chinese Communist government at
Harbin.
  Until recently Soviets and Chinese Communists sensitive about Sino-
Soviet agreement on Dairen 4 which provided for Chinese civil ad-
ministration of this port. They implied this fulfilled by "people's
democratic government" organized after "refusal" of Chinese
National
Government take over civil administration of Dairen 1946. However,
dating from fall Mukden this sensitivity rapidly disappeared. When
Chinese Communist government is formally established and given
Soviet recognition, their present collaboration in Dairen probably will
be conducted publicly.
  It pointed out that even should US recognize Chinese Communist
government it still not certain Soviet would then allow Consulate
personnel or couriers enter Port Arthur naval base area [to] commute
Mukden. Although value of Dairen Consulate as possible link with
Mukden, as emphasized in previous telegrams, still remains, Embassy
and Department should note Soviet disinclination allow Consulate
personnel have slightest contact with naval base area. All requests
  For previous documentation regarding the Consulate at Dairen, see Foreign
  Relations, 1948, vol. vii, pp. 787 ff.
  2 Culver Gleysteen, Vice Consul at Dairen.
  Not printed.
  4Signed at Moscow, August 14, 1945, United Nations Treaty Series, vol.
10,
  p. 354.
      860


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