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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1949. The Far East: China
(1978)

The Embassy in China after occupation of Nanking by Chinese Communists,   pp. 723-859 PDF (50.4 MB)


Page 723


  THE, EMBASSY IN CHINA AFTER OCCUPATION OF
          NANKING BY CHINESE COMMUNISTS
I. VIOLATION OF AMBASSADOR STUART'S RESIDENCE; CHINESE COM-
  MUNIST REFUSAL TO RECOGNIZE OFFICIAL STATUS OF DIPLO-
  MATIC PERSONNEL; DEPARTURE OF THE AMBASSADOR FROM
  CHINA (APRIL 25-AUGUST 3)
124.931/4-2549: Telegram
   The Ambassador in China (Stuart) to the Secretary of State
                                       NANKING, April 25, 1949.
                                 [Received April 25-3:01 a. m.]
  856. The Ambassador's residence was violated this morning at 6:45
by 12 armed Communist soldiers. They persuaded the Chinese porter
to open the front gate of the compound and then came in the back
door of the residence where they asked the servants how many
Chinese and how many foreigners lived in the residence and where
the Ambassador was. On receiving reply to the last question, the
soldiers all mounted the stairway promptly, went to the Ambassador's
room and entered. The Ambassador was not quite awake at that hour
and their appearance in his bedroom was something of a shock.
While they did not threaten him, the first to enter room spoke in loud
and angry tones. Those that followed were more civil and said
that they had come to "look around". They wandered about the bed-
room inspecting its contents and making remarks to effect that all
this would eventually go to people to whom it should belong anyway.
  They questioned Mr. Fugh'1 but did not inspect his room. They
refused to let Anderberg 2 into the Ambassador's bedroom and forced
him back into his own room at the point of a gun. They inspected
his room and asked him his nationality; after which inspected other
bedrooms. They then left the house and the compound without
having removed anything. They told one of the servants that the
Ambassador should not leave the compound but this was not conveyed
to the Ambassador or any member of his official staff. No other
houses in the compound were visited.
  Sent Department, repeated OffEmb Canton 301, Shanghai 440,
Peiping 133.
                                                       STUART
  Philip Fugh, Chinese personal secretary to Ambassador Stuart.
  'Edward Anderberg, Jr., Economic Analyst of the Embassy.
                                                      723


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