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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1949. Eastern Europe; the Soviet Union
(1976)

Bulgaria,   pp. 326-380 PDF (21.8 MB)


Page 326


BULGARIA
EVENTS LEADING TO THE SEVERANCE OF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS
      BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND BULGARIA IN 19501
 874.404/2-1249: Telegram
           The Secretary of State to the Legation in Bulgaria
 CONFIDENTIAL                  WASHINGTON, February 18, 1949-5 p. m.
   52. Urtels 119 and 120, Feb 12.2 You are authorized transmit note
 to FonOff substantially as follows:
   "On instructions from my Govt, I have the honor to refer to the
 published indictment against 15 Protestant pastors in Bulg, who are
 charged with 'espionage, treason and currency operations' involving
 US Govt officials formerly on duty in Bulg.
 "Such charges are unfounded and ludicrous. My Govt can only con-
 sider their formulation a blatant terroristic effort, in cynical disregard
 of the facts, designed to intimidate the small, respected Protestant
 religious denominations in Bulg and to discredit their sincere religious
 leaders.
   "In the circumstances, my Govt reserves its rights under the
Treaty of Peace with Bulgaria, and requests that facilities be made
available for representatives of the US Leg to attend the trial."
  'For previous documentation on relations between the United States and
Bulgaria, see Foreign Relations, 1948, vol. iv, pp. 279 ff.
  .'Neither printed; they transmitted excerpts from a summary of an indict-
ment filed in a Sofia court against fifteen members of the Supreme Council
of the United Protestant Churches in Bulgaria. The indictment had been pub-
lished on February 11 (874.404/2-1249). An unofficial translation of the
full text
of the indictment was transmitted to the Department as an enclosure to despatch
28, February 12, from Sofia, not printed (874.404/2-1249). The indictment
is
printed in Press Department, Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Trial
of the Fifteen Protestant Pastors-Spies (Sofia: 1949), pp. 1-18.
  In his telegram 116, February 11, from Sofia, not printed, Chargd (Counselor
of Legation) Sidney E. O'Donoghue reported that he had that morning called
on George Andreichin, Special Assistant in the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry,
to
express his personal disgust at the publication of the indictment against
the
Bulgarian Protestant pastors (874.404/2-1149). Telegram 35, February 11,
to
Sofia, not printed, stated that the Department of State's press officer had
issued
the following statement regarding the indictment:
  "Similarity between fantastic accusations being made against Protestant
religious leaders in Bulg and those against Cardinal Mindszenty in Hung,
whose
trial has so recently been concluded, strikingly emphasizes concerted nature
of
this continuing Commie assault on religious liberties in Eastern Eur".
(874.404/2-1149)
      326


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