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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1948. Germany and Austria

VII. Department of State policy statement on Austria,   pp. 1341-1351 PDF (4.5 MB)

Page 1341

 Vienna Legation Files: Lot 55F74, Box 3160
          Department of State Policy Statement on Austria
 SECRET                            WASHINGTON, September 20, 1948.
                           A. OBJECTIVES
   The basic objective of the United States with respect to Austria is
the reestablishment of Austria as an independent and democratic coun-
try. The fulfillment of this objective has been the main consideration in
determining US policy since the signing of the Moscow Declaration on
November 1, 1943.1 The principal means employed have been the mili-
tary occupation of Austria, the conclusion of various international
agreements designed both to establishh and to enlarge the functions of
the Austrian Government, and the negotiation of a four-power treaty
terminating occupation and recognizing the full sovereign rights of
the Austrian Government and people. To assure that the full intent of
the Moscow Declaration is carried out, the US has extended economic
assistance to Austria on a considerable scale, and in military occupa-
tion as well as international discussions has insisted that no action
should be taken or rights be acquired 1by any foreign power in Austria
which would prejudice independence following the termination of
military occupation and the withdrawal of the military forces of the
four powers.
                         B. POLICY ISSUES
  The position of Austria with respect to the Allied Powers is unique
in that Austria is still subject to military occupation and at the same
time is recognized as a sovereign state by this government and treated
in all political and economic matters as a liberated area. The legal
rights of the United States as an occupying power, originally defined
in the Agreements on Control Machinery and Zones of Occupation
concluded by the European Advisory Commission in July 1945,2 were
  'Foreign Relations, 1943, vol. I, p. 761.
  'For the text of the Agreement on the Control Machinery in Austria see
eign Relations, The Conference of Berlin (The Potsdam Conference) 1945, vol.
p. 351. For the text of the agreement on the Zones of Occupation and the
istration of the City of Vienna see Department of State, Treaties and Other
International Acts Series (TIAS) No. 1600.

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