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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. Eastern Europe; The Soviet Union
(1947)

Hungary,   pp. 260-401 PDF (54.5 MB)


Page 260


HUNGARY
EFFORTS BY THE UNITED STATES TO ASSIST IN THE MAINTENANCE
OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT IN HUNGARY AND THE REHABILI-
TATION OF THE HUNGARIAN ECONOMY; PARTICIPATION BY THE
UNITED STATES IN THE ALLIED CONTROL COMMISSION FOR
HUNGARY
864.00/1-2347
Memorandum by the Director of the Offiee of European Affairs
     (Matthews) to the Under Secretary of State (Acheson)
                                [WASHINGTON,] January 23, 1947.
Subject: Hungarian Political Situation
  The moderate, majority Smallholders Party, which received a clear
mandate (60% of the popular vote as against 16% each for the Ciom-
munists and Social Democrats) from the Hungarian people in the
free national elections of November 1945, is at present under severe
attack by the Communists and other leftist parties. This situation,
which constitutes the most serious of the recurrent crises provoked
by the Communist leaders over the past year, arose late in December
when the Communist Minister of Interior I and the Communist Chief
of the Political Intelligence Department in the Defense Ministry,2
acting on their own responsibility without the foreknowledge of the
Prime Minister (Smallholder)3, began to carry out a series of arrests
of non-Communist army officers and Smallholder politicians allegedly
engaged in a "conspiracy" against the State and looking to the
restora-
tion of the Horthy4 regime. These arrests have involved over 100
persons to date, including some closely associated with the Prime
Minister, and are continuing. The Minister of Reconstruction (Small-
holder) 5 has been forced to resign and is now under arrest, and eight
Smallholder deputies, whose legislative immunity has been suspended
by vote of the National Assembly on demand of the Communists,
have been arrested and face trial.
  While the alleged conspiracy appears to have some basis in fact in
terms of the existence of loose anti-Communist groupings which may
  1 L~szl6 Rajk.
  2 Gen. Gyorgy Paiffy-Osterreicher.
  3Ferenc Nagy.
  4Adm. Mikl6s (Nicholas) Horthy, Regent of Hungary, 1920-1944.
  5 Andrej Mistlth.
     260


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