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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. General; The United Nations
(1947)

Foreign policy aspects of United States development of atomic energy,   pp. 781-908 PDF (47.7 MB)


Page 781


   FOREIGN POLICY ASPECTS OF UNITED STATES
          DEVELOPMENT OF ATOMIC ENERGY1
Department of State Atomic Energy Files 2
Memorandum     of Co'nversation, Between the Secretary of State and
               the British Ambassador (Inverchapel)
TOP SECRET                           [WASHINGTON,] January 4, 1947.
  The BRITISH AMBASSADOR, calling at his request to see the Secretary,
thanked him for the interim reply on the atomic energy inquiry.3 He
stated he believed it would be wise if the British and US experts have
some discussion on this matter before this Government sends its con-
sidered reply. He said he had mentioned this to Mr. Acheson.4
  The SECRETARY said Mr. Acheson had talked with him about it. He
said this matter is very disturbing to him and he expected to give
some thought to it over the weekend. He said as he now sees it, any
course we take will give us trouble, and the problem will be to decide
which course will give the least trouble. He said he was conscious of
the trouble the British will have and will certainly consider the matter
from that angle. The Secretary mentioned the agreement between Mr.
Churchill and Mr. Roosevelt,5 of which the people of neither country
  'Continued from Foreign Relations, 1946, vol. i, pp. 1197, 1259. For documenta-
tion on United States policy with respect to the international control of
atomic
energy, see pp. 327 ff., passim. For documentation on national security policy,
see
pp. 707 ff. For documentation on the attitude of the Soviet Union with respect
to
atomic energy, see vol. iv, pp. 514 ff., passim. For additional information,
see
Richard G. Hewlett and Francis Duncan, Atomic Shield, 1947-1952, vol. ii
of
A History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (University Park,
Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1969).
  'Lot 57D688, the consolidated lot file on atomic energy, 1942-1962, located
In
the Department of State, including the records of the Special Assistant to
the
Secretary of State on Atomic Energy and the records of the United States
Delega-
tion to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission.
  'In a telegram to President Truman, June 7, 1946, British Prime Minister
Clement R. Attlee had urged that steps be taken to establish full and effective
cooperation between the United States and the United Kingdom in the field
of
atomic energy; for text, see Foreign Relations, 1946, vol. I, p. 1249. President
Truman sent an interim reply in a telegram of December 28, 1946; for text,
see
ibid., p. 1259.
  'Dean Acheson, Under Secretary of State.
  'Reference is to the aide-mdmoire of conversation between the President
and
the Prime Minister at Hyde Park, September 18, 1944; for text, see Foreign
Relations, The Conference at Quebec, 1944, pp. 492-493. The agreement stated,
inter alia, that cooperation between the two nations in developing atomic
energy
for military and commercial purposes would continue after the conclusion
of the
war. The American copy of the aide-mdmoire could not be located for some
years
after the death of President Roosevelt. It was ultimately found misfiled
in the
papers of Adm. Wilson Brown, Roosevelt's fiaval aide. The British had provided
the United States with a copy in 1945, prior to the Potsdam Conference.
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