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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1944. General
(1944)

Preliminaries to the establishment of an international organization for the maintenance of international peace and security,   pp. 614-923 PDF (114.4 MB)


Page 614


PRELIMINARIES TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN IN-
  TERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR THE MAINTE-
  NANCE OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY1
I. ARRANGEMENTS FOR EXPLORATORY DISCUSSIONS ON WORLD
                     SECURITY ORGANIZATION
500.CC/12-2943
  Memorandumd     by the Secretary of State to President Roosevelt 2
                                  [WASHINGTON,] December 29, 1943.
  I transmit herewith for your consideration a statement of the basic
ideas which might be embodied in a constitution of an international
organization for the maintenance of peace and security, to be estab-
lished in accordance with the provisions of the Atlantic Charter,3 of
Point 4 of the Moscow Declaration,4 and of the Congressional Resolu-
tiolls.5 The statement was prepared by our group working on the
problems of international organization." Attached to the statement is
a memorandum on the principal obligations which would have to be
assumed by the members of the projected international organization.
  'For previous information on preliminaries to the establishment of an inter-
national organization for the maintenance of international peace and security,
see Foreign Relations, 1943, vol. I, bracketed note, p. 1050.
2 Copy obtained from the Library of Congress, Manuscripts Division, papers
of
Mr. Leo Pasvolsky, Special Assistant to the Secretary of State. President
Roose-
velt gave the draft his general approval and initialled the memorandum "OK
FDR" at a meeting at the White House on February 3, 1944, attended by
Secretary
Hull and some of his "consulting group" (a group which began in
the summer of
1943 to accompany the Secretary to the White House for Presidential discus-
sions). See notes by Mr. Pasvolsky on that meeting, infra.
3 Joint statement by President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston
Churchill, August 14, 1941; for text, see Foreign Relations, 1941, vol. i,
p. 367.
  'Joint Four Nation Declaration on General Security, signed at Moscow, Octo-
ber 30, 1943, ibid., 1943, vol. i, p. 755.
' For the Fulbright Resolution, September 21, 1943, and the Connally Resolu-
tion, November 5, 1943, see Senate Document No. 123, 81st Cong., ist sess.:
A
Decade of American Foreign Policy, Basic Documents, 1941-49 (Washington,
Government Printing Office, 1950), pp. 9 and 14, respectively.
  "The statement was prepared by the Informal Political Agenda Group
which
decided at its first meeting on December 9, 1943, after the negotiation of
the
Moscow Declaration to prepare a draft, of basic proposals on this subject
for
recommendation to the Secretary. The draft was completed on December 23
(the Group's tenth meeting) and submitted to President Roosevelt in response
to his request of S'ecretary Hull for the Department's latest ideas on international
organization, made at luncheon on December 21, directly after the President's
return from the Conferences at Cairo and Tehran where the question was dis-
cussed with the British Prime Minister (Churchill) and the Chairman of the
Council of Commissars of the Soviet Union (Stalin): see Foreign Relations,
The Conferences at Cairo and Tehran, 1943. For additional information on
preparation of the statement, see Department of State, Postwar Foreign Policy
Preparation, pp. 246 ff.
      614


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