University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Foreign Relations of the United States

Page View

United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1944. General

Consideration of the application of "unconditional surrender" terms to Germany; unofficial peace feelers from Germany,   pp. 484-579 PDF (34.5 MB)

Page 484

740.00119 European War/2035: Telegram
Mr. Williarm Phillips, Political Adviser at the Headquarters of the
      Suprene Allied Commander, to the Secretary of State
                                      LONDON, December 17, 1943.
                               [Received December 17-8: 02 p. m.]
  W-8636.2 For Dunn.3 It appears that at the Teheran Conference4
some objection was raised by Marshal Stalin 5 to the formula "Un-
conditional Surrender" and that the Prime Minister 6 agreed with
the Marshal's viewpoint. There is, however, no record of the attitude
of the President, although it is said that he did not dissent.
  2. The Foreign Office suggest for consideration that the term
"Unconditional Surrender" should be avoided until a final decision
been reached between the US and British Governments, and for the
time being that the phrase to be used should be "prompt surrender."
Have you any comment?
                                            [File copy not signed]
740.00119 European War 1939/2057i Telegram
The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in the United Kingdom.
                       WASHNGTON, December 24, 1943-10 p. m.
  8144. The Department has been informed by the British Embassy X
that when the question of a joint declaration to the German people on
1 For previous correspondence on unofficial peace feeler approaches from
nations, see Foreign Relations, 1943, vol. i, pp. 484 ff.; also ibid., vol.
III, pp. 621-
708, pa~sim.
For correspondence regarding consideration of surrender terms and controls
for Germany in the European Advisory Commission, see pp. 100 ff. For informa-
tion on the application of the principle of unconditional surrender to Bulgaria,
Hungary and Rumania, see bracketed note, pp. 39-40. For other 1944 documenta-
tion on political and economic policies toward Germany, see Foreign Relations,
The Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945, pp. 134 if.
'War Department telegram.
3James C. Dunn, Adviser on Political Relations.
'See Foreign Relations, The Conferences at Cairo and Tehran, 1943, pp. 513,
854-855, 862-863.
'Marshal Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin, Chairman of the Council of People's
Commissars of the Soviet Union.
'British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill.
7 In an aide-memoire of December 22, 1943; for text, see Foreign Relations,
The Conferences at Cairo and Tehran, 1943, p. 854.

Go up to Top of Page