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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1943. The Near East and Africa
(1943)

Iraq,   pp. 636-655 PDF (6.9 MB)


Page 636


                             IRAQ
DECLARATION OF WAR ON THE AXIS POWERS BY IRAQ AND ADHER-
      ENCE OF IRAQ TO THE UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION
740.0011 EW 1939/27193: Telegram
The Minister Resident in Iraq (Wilson) to the Secretary of State
                               BAGHDAD, January 13,1943-11 p. m.
                               [Received January 14-2: 50 a. m.]
  12. In a talk late this afternoon with Nuri Pasha,' I learned of a
communication which he was anxious for me to receive from Minister
of Foreign Affairs2 but concerning which it was important greatest
secrecy should be taken until noon Saturday, Iraqi time, January 16.
I accompanied Minister of Foreign Affairs to his Ministry and from
him received following document written in English which is being
transmitted through British channels to Iraqi Minister in Ankara
and is to be delivered by him on Saturday, January 16 to the
diplomatic representatives of Germany, Italy and Japan.
  "The Government of Germany having interfered in every way and
in the most open manner in the internal affairs of Iraq and having
instigated and promoted open rebellion against the constitutional
Government of Iraq has continued openly and without cessation her
acts of hostility toward Iraq by the publication through her broad-
casting stations of false rumors and lying news of vile slanders against
the ruling family and of direct incitements to disaffection and
dissension.
  In consequence of these facts the Iraq Government declares that
Iraq considers herself as being in a state of war with. Germany as from
midnight 16-17 January, 1943.
  And whereas the Government of Italy, in partnership with the
Government of Germany has been guilty of the same acts of inter-
ference in Iraq's internal affairs and of severe provocation toward
Iraq right up to the present time, the Government of Iraq declares
that Iraq considers herself as being in a state of war with Italy as
from midnight of 16-17 January, 1943.
  And whereas the Government of Japan flagrantly violated the rules
of neutrality by assisting the Governments of Germany and Italy in
their interference in the internal affairs of Iraq and has since openly
joined them in their acts of provocation against Iraq, the Government
of Iraq declares Iraq to be in a state of war with Japan as fronm
midnight of 16-17 January, 1943.
1 Nuri as-Said, Prime Minister of Iraq.
2Abd-ul-Ilah Hafidh.
     636


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