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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-fifth Congress, 1877-'78

Peru,   pp. 433-450 PDF (8.5 MB)

Page 433

with what success is not yet known, as reports are very contradictory.
The head of the revolution is believed to be Iivarola, a former President
of Paraguay.
   Immediately on the death of President Gill, Vice-President Higinio
 Uriarte assumed command, called out the national guard, assembled
 the congress, and took the oath of office. The congress at once declared
 the whole republic under martial law for one month. The new President
 retains the cabinet of his predecessor. There are rumors of severe
 combats, but as yet nothing trustworthy.
       I have, &c.,
                                          JOHN C. CALDWELL.
                               No. 240.,
                        Mr. Gibbs to Mr. Fish.
No. 97.1                    LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
             Lima, Peru, September 21, 1876. (Received October 14.)
   SIR: I have the honor to refer to my dispatches Nos. 90 and 92, rela-
tive to the political affairs of this republic.
   Since the meeting of the Congress July 28, nothing has been done in
the legislative chambers of any interest or benefit to the Country, only
one act being passed by both chambers, pardon for political offenses.
  A great part of the session has been occupied in contested election
cases of senators and deputies from the different departments. As the
"civilists" have the majority, the decisions are generally in favor
their candidates; with what justice I cannot say. The last contested
case was on the senator for this department, which caused quite an
excited debate. Several districts of the department were thrown out,
and the "civilists"' candidate declared elected; a meeting was
Sunday the 17th, by the electors, a protest'was declared against the de-
cision, and then the meeting adjourned quietly.
  It is rumored that President Prado will leave this capital and remove
the troops to a place called Lurin, some 20 miles to the south of this
  This, in my opinion,\ would be a dangerous proceeding for the peace
of the country. There are a great number of unruly people at present
in Lima, ready for any mischief, and a great number of disaffected peo-
ple who wish a change and a return to power of the military party. To
leave the city to the protection of the pd1ice would invite a revolution,
as the army, small as it appears, is sufficient to keep the unruly'and
mischievous in awe.
  The leading journal of the civilists, El Comercio, of last evening, refers
in an item to these reports, and says: "14We do not know what there
of truth in these rumors, but we can assert that this day various mili-
tary officers have gone to Lurin and Chancay (about 40 miles north),
with the object of examining those places as regards their respective
advantages for military camps."
      I am, &c.,
2F R

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