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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1952-1954. Korea (in two parts)
(1952-1954)

IX. March 1-December 31, 1954: U.S.-Korean relations in the postarmistice period,   pp. 1752-1956 PDF (77.2 MB)


Page 1752


       IX. MARCH     1-DECEMBER       31, 1954: U.S.-KOREAN
       RELATIONS IN THE POSTARMISTICE PERIOD
REDEPLOYMENT OF U.S. TROOPS IN KOREA, EXPANSION OF THE ROK
  ARMED FORCES, AND THE VAN FLEET MISSION; THE RHEE VISIT TO
  WASHINGTON; CONCERN       OVER THE NEUTRAL NATIONS SUPERVI-
  SORY COMMISSION; ECONOMIC AND MILITARY AID AND THE SIGNA-
  TURE   OF THE    U.S.-ROK  AGREED    MINUTE   OF   UNDERSTANDING;
  FINAL ISSUES AND     THE   SIGNATURE OF THE MUTUAL DEFENSE
  TREATY; HWAN CURRENCY ADVANCES CONTROVERSY
795.00/3-154
Memorandum by the Director of the Office of Northeast Asian Affairs
  (Young) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs
  (Robertson)
TOP SECRET                              [WASHINGTON,] March 1, 1954.
Subject: Withdrawal of Foreign Forces from Korea and the Korean
     Political Conference.
  There is attached a memorandum on the above subject for your sig-
nature, in accordance with your request of today.
   In his telegram, Ambassador Briggs is referring to a long discussion
which took place in John Allison's office on Wednesday, February 24.
General Hull, General Harrison, Ambassador Allison, Ambassador
Briggs, Mr. Parsons,' Mr. Calhoun and I participated. A     number of
matters came up which the group wished me to take up in Washington.
Among these was the subject of Briggs' telegram No. 841.' General
Hull reported that the Department of Defense was considering unit
withdrawals this year which would lead to redeployment of most, if
not all, of our forces from Korea within a year or two. He mentioned
   James G. Parsons, Counselor of the Embassy at Tokyo.
   2In this telegram, Feb. 28, Briggs reported as follows:
   "During my talk with General Hull February 24 he outlined in general
terms planning
 which proceeding in Defense Department re deployment US Forces Korea. In
connec-
 tion with eventual dissemination this information I urge that Department
consider this
 question in relation to our substantive position on withdrawal forces from
Korea at
 Geneva conference. While as I understand it decision on redeployment can
be expected
 soon, I recommend strongly that information regarding that decision be held
as closely as
 possible. I recognize that it has to be discussed with a number of other
governments in-
 cluding that of ROK but would hope that in doing so we should take every
precaution to
 avoid plans becoming public knowledge. It becomes increasingly apparent
that major Red
 Chinese objective at Geneva will probably be to obtain withdrawal foreign
forces from
 ROK. To make known publicly in advance of or during conference fact we are
contem-
 plating withdrawal bulk our forces might give Communists substantial tactical
advantage
 at conference table." (795.00/2-2854)
1752


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