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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1952-1954. Indochina (in two parts)
(1952-1954)

Policy of the United States with respect to Indochina, 1953: declining French military fortunes; the Viet Minh invasion of Laos; accelerated United States aid for Indochina,   pp. 339-936 PDF (241.9 MB)


Page 339


POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES WITH RESPECT TO
   INDOCHINA, 1953: DECLINING FRENCH MILITARY FOR-
   TUNES; THE VIET MINH INVASION OF LAOS; ACCEL-
   ERATED UNITED STATES AID FOR INDOCHINA
 751G.5 M.SP/1-253: Telegram
      The Consulat Hanoi (Sturnv) to the Departmnent of State
 CONFIDENTIAL                      HANoI, January 2, 1953-7- p. m,
   423. Repeated information Paris 205, 'Saigon 318. In response Em-
 bassy-STEM telegram indicating concern re high cost estimate each
 centralized vill-age (Contel 366, December 11)1 Hanoi STEM repre-
 sentative and I called today on Governor Tri and his US aid director
 to discuss matter, Tri said his services had just completed initial
 studies for first pilot village and that accordingly he would be able
 provide concrete details hitherto lacking.
   Site selected' is Dong-Quang,, about thirty kilometers due south
 Hanoi in Hatdong province at point.roughly equidistant from Hung-
 Yen province to east, troubled Phu-Ly to south and VM-infested lime-
 stone formations to west. Plot is triangle bordered on twosides by
 river and on third by irrigation canal, 100 hectares in area and now
 containing two hamlets. It isplanned to group there 20 or 25 villages
 within radius of three or four kilometers of center, with ultimate popu-
 lation of 1,000 families or about 10,000 persons.Part of land to be
 occupied by construction is communal rice paddies for which no in-
 demnity required. No allowance made in estimates below for con-
 demnation any private lands, Existing villages which would be re-
 located on site are small and in most cases have been built and rebuilt
 during course of war. Tri thinks there will be no problem in attracting
 dwellers to new center in view security and services latter will offer;
 site chosen purposely to be defensible but close by troubled areas.
 Estimates given us this morning total 6,500,000 piastres, broken
 down as follows: five kilometers roadway 800,000; electrification (in-
 stalling underground generator now on hand and wiring),500,000;
 defensive posts and other protective devices 820,000; public buildings
 including infirmary, ilnformation center, post office, library and meet-
 ing hall 600,000; school for five classes 150,000; market and slaughter
house 300,000; public stables and granaries 400,000; drainage, sanita-
tion and wells 500,000. In addition each of 1,000 families would be
  'Not printed.
                                                        339


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