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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1947. The Near East and Africa
(1947)

Egypt,   pp. 761-814 PDF (20.5 MB)


Page 761


EGYPT
CONCERN OF THE UNITED STATES REGARDING THE NEGOTIATIONS
   BETWEEN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND EGYPT FOR REVISION OF
   THE ANGLO-EGYPTIAN TREATY OF AUGUST 26, 1936; 1 THE QUES-
   TION OF POSSIBLE EGYPTIAN RESTRICTION OF THE RIGHT OF
   TRANSIT THROUGH THE SUEZ CANAL
 741.83/1-947: Telegram
   The Charge in the United Kingdom1 (Gallman) to the Secretary
                              of State
 CONFIDENTIAL                     LONDON, January 9, 1947-8 p. m.
   162. 1. Scrivener, head Egyptian Department,2 informed Embassy
 today that on January 4 British Ambassador Cairo3 was instructed to
 inform Nokrashy 4 "in no uncertain terms" that British Government
 stands by Bevin-Sidky Agreement 5 but that British Government can-
 not accept Sidky interpretation of Sudan protocol' namely that at no
 time in future could Sudanese, if they elect to do so, become independ-
 ent of Egypt. Bevin who had a hand in drafting, pointed out in in-
 struction that acceptance of Sidky interpretation would amount to
 two parties agreeing to deprive a third party of its rights to be exer-
 cised at some future date.
   2. British Ambassador was instructed to offer Nokrashy following
 alternatives:
   (a) British Government is ready to sign present treaty text and
evacuation protocol and to attend a Sudan Conference at which
Britains [sic], Egyptians and Sudanese would be represented. Such
A conference would be arranged on understanding that present Sudan
Treaty arrangements would remain in force for time being
   (b), British Government is ready to sign texts as initialled by Sidky
on understanding that Sudan's right to choose their form of Govern-
ment at an appropriate time in future will be unfettered. It being
  1 For previous documentation on this subject, see Foreign Relations, 1946,
vol
Vii, p. 69 ff.
  21n the British Foreign Office.
  . Sir Ronald Ian Campbell.
  Mahmud Fahmy el-Nokrashy, Egyptian Prime Minister and Minister for For-
eign Affairs.
  'For information concerning the agreement, initialled at London on October
25
by Ernest Bevin, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and Ismail
Sidky,
the then Egyptian Prime Minister, see bracketed note, Foreign Relations,
1946,
vol. Vil, p. 77.
                                                         761


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