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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1946. The British of Commonwealth, Western and Central Europe
(1946)

Europe: regional,   pp. 128-282 PDF (56.3 MB)


Page 128


                           EUROPE
CONCERN OF THE UNITED STATES OVER PROBLEMS IN-
  VOLVING DISPLACED PERSONS AND REFUGEES;
  TRANSFER OF GERMAN MINORITIES; REPATRIATION
  OF INTERNED CIVILIANS, EX-ENEMY NATIONALS,
  AND LIBERATED SOVIET PRISONERS OF WAR; EF-
  FORTS TO REGULATE THE MIGRATION OF JEWS FROM
  POLAND INTO THE UNITED STATES ZONES OF OCCU-
  PATION IN GERMANY AND AUSTRIA 1
840.4016/1-246: Telegram
The United States Representative in Hungary (Schoenfeld) 2 to the
                       Secretary of State
SECRET                        BUDAPEST, January 2, 1946-4 p. m.
IUS URGENT                                [Receiveed 9:21 p. m.]
  1. I handed Foreign Minister 3 today note verbale 4 in sense of first
paragraph Deptel 879, Dec 27 5 and in reply to Foreign Office note
Dec 15 reported in mytel 1120, Dec 17.7
  I inquired whether Hungarian Govt's position as stated on Dec 15
had changed in view of announcement today that Govt has issued de-
cree relating to expulsion of Germans from Hungary. Under this
decree substantially all Hungarian Nationals who at last census de-
clared their mother tongue to be German are subject to deportation
with certain authority to make exceptions vested in a commission to
be appointed by Ministry of Interior. Gyongy'osi said decision of
1 For previous documentation on displaced persons and refugees, see Foreign
Relations, 1945, vol. ii, pp. 1146 ff.; on transfer of German populations,
ibid.,
pp. 1227 ff., on repatriation of Soviet prisoners of war, ibid., vol. v.
pp. 1067 ff.
  2H. F. Arthur Schoenfeld headed the U.S. Mission to Hungary. On January
26,
1946, upon presentation of his credentials as Minister, the office at Budapest
was
changed from a Mission to a Legation.
3.JAnos Gyongy6si.
4Not printed.
6 Foreign, Relations, 1945, vol. II p. 1326. The telegram stated the Department's
preference that Hungary not deport all Germans from its territory.
7ibid., p. 1325. The telegram reported that it was the intention of the Hun-
garian Government to deport only certain objectionable categories of Germans.
For text of Foreign Office Note Verbale No. 139/Res/Be/1945 (transmitted
to
the Department as an enclosure to Despatch 775, January 2, 1946, not printed),
see Stephen D. Kertesz, Diplomacy in a Whirlpool: Hungary Between Nazi Ger-
many and Soviet Russia (Notre Dame, Indiana, University of Notre Dame Press,
1953), Document No. 11.
     128


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