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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States : diplomatic papers, 1945. Europe
(1945)

Finland,   pp. 598-660 PDF (22.5 MB)


Page 598


FINLAND
INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF
  FINLAND AND IN THE OPERATIONS OF THE ALLIED CONTROL
  COMMISSION FOR FINLAND
860D.00/1-2545: Telegram
The Secretary of Mission in Finland (Higgs) 1 to the Secretary
                             of State
                                HELSINKI, January 25, 1945-3 p. m.
                                             [Received 9: 36 p. m.]
  16. Chief of Protocol2 of Foreign Office having indicated to me
that Prime Minister3 would be pleased to receive me, I called by
appointment on Mr. Paasikivi yesterday. He asked what my im-
pressions of Finland were at this time. I replied I did not feel that
I had yet been here long enough to form any conclusions and that I
accordingly should appreciate his describing the situation for me from
his point of view.
  He said that at the present time there were two principal questions
for Finland, namely: (1), the "internal" question of treatment
of war
criminals and related persons and (2), the "international" question
of
importation of raw materials necessary for Finnish production to
carry out reparation stipulations of the armistice agreement. He
said that the first question in fact had two subdivisions: (1), war
criminals proper and (2), war culprits, that is, politicians who had
been advocates of the Finnish war policy since 1941. He said Finnish
Government had arrested some 100 odd Finns whose names had been
furnished it by the Control Commission and who would be tried as
war criminals but that there seemed to be no particular difficulty
about this category of persons.
  Regarding war culprits he said Finland was a democratic country
with a democratic constitution and laws which during coming elec-
tion would provide all sections of the population equal opportunity
1L. Randolph Higgs was appointed Secretary of Mission in Finland on Decem-
ber 6, 1944, and he arrived in Helsinki on January 16, 1945. For documentation
respecting the reestablishment of the United States mission in Finland, see
pp. 624 if.
2Johannes A. Nyyssdnen.
3Juho K. Paasikivi.
'For text of the armistice agreement between the United Kingdom, the Soviet
Union, and Finland of September 19, 1944, see British and Foreign State Papers,
vol. cxLv, p. 513.
     598


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