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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States : diplomatic papers, 1945. Europe
(1945)

Bulgaria,   pp. 135-419 PDF (101.5 MB)


Page 135


BULGARIA
POST-ARMISTICE PROBLEMS OF OCCUPATION AND CONTROL OF BUL-
GARIA; SETTING UP OF ALLIED (SOVIET) CONTROL COMMISSION;1
  APPLICATION TO BULGARIA OF THE CRIMEA DECLARATION ON
  LIBERATED EUROPE2 AND OF THE BERLIN (POTSDAM) DECLARA.
  TION OF AUGUST 2, 19458
740.00119 Control (Bulgaria) /1-145: Telegram
  The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in the Soviet Union
                            (Harriman)
                              WASHINGTON, January 1,1945-11 p. m.
  4. In a separate telegram the Department is repeating to you a
telegram to London 4 referring to an exchange of correspondence be-
tween Mr. Winant and the Soviet Charge 5 at the time of the negotia-
tion of the Bulgarian armistice, referring particularly to the applica-
tion of Article 18 in the period following the conclusion of hostilities.6
  Mr. Winant had informed his British and Soviet colleagues in the
European Advisory Commission 7 that in approving the draft armi-
stice terms for submission to the three governments, he had been
directed to state that this Government continues to feel that Article
18 should properly have contained an additional provision to the effect
'Continued from Foreign Relations, 1944, vol. m, pp. 481-514.
  2 Signed at Yalta, February 11, 1945, by President Roosevelt, Prime Minister
Churchill, and Marshal Stalin; for text see Foreign Relations, The Conferences
at Malta and Yalta, 1945, pp. 968,971.
'See communiqu6 issued by the Berlin Conference, Foreign Relations, The
Conference of Berlin (The Potsdam Conference), 1945, vol. ii, p. 1499. For
additional documentation relating to Bulgaria, see ibid., vol. I, Index,
pp. 1060-
1061; vol. II, Index, pp. 1606-1607.
  'Telegram 25, midnight, infra.
  ' For accounts of this correspondence between John G. Winant, U. S. Ambassa-
dor in the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Charge, see telegrams 9077, October
22,
1944, midnight, and 9370, October 30, 1944, 7 p. m., from London, Foreign
Relations, 1944, vol. In, pp. 472 and 482, respectively.
  ' For documentation regarding negotiations leading to the signing of the
armistice with Bulgaria on October 28, 1944, see ibid., pp. 300 ff. For text
of
armistice agreement signed at Moscow, see Department of State Executive Agree-
ment Series No. 437, or 518 Stat. (pt. 2) 1498.
  7Sir William Strang, British Assistant Under Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs, and Fedor Tarasovich Gusev, Ambassador of the Soviet Union in the
United Kingdom, were representatives of their Governments on the European
Advisory Commission (EAC). For documentation on the Commission's work,
see vol. iII, pp. 1 ff.
                                                             135


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