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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1943. The Near East and Africa
(1943)

Iran,   pp. 319-635 PDF (113.0 MB)


Page 319


                              IRAN
CONCERN OF THE UNITED STATES REGARDING THE POLITICAL
SITUATION IN IRAN;' TRIPARTITE DECLARATION REGARDING IRAN
OF DECEMBER 1, 1943
891.00/20954
  Memnorandrum of Conversation, by the Under Secretary of State
                             (Wyelles)
                                   [WASHINGTON,] January 7,1943.
  Mr. Richard Casey, former Minister of Australia in Washington
and at present British Minister of State in the Middle East, called to
see me today.
  I spoke to Mr. Casey of my very great concern with regard to the
policy being pursued by the British Government in Iran. I said I
felt that, in the first place, from the standpoint of the achievement of
satisfactory results, the British policy of the withholding of food sup-
plies and the constant recurrence to military force was not conducive
towards the creation of a situation of relative tranquillity in Iran
which alone could give us the assurance that this vital means of access
to southern Russia would remain open to the United Nations. Fur-
thermore, I said, the attitude taken-by so many of the British officials
in Iran towards United States officials, and particularly towards the
American Minister in Tehran,2 was anything but helpful. I said I
did not have to tell Mr. Casey that the United States had no selfish
interest of any kind or description in Iran, but that this Government
did feel that during the war period it was just as vitally concerned in
the maintenance of satisfactory conditions in that country as Great
Britain. I said I consequently felt that close and friendly coopera-
tion between the officials of the two Governments in that area was in-
dispensable for the sake of our common military objectives, and that I
also felt that our views with regard to the policy to be pursued towards
the Government and officials of Iran should be taken into considera-
tion by the British Government before it embarked upon any under-
takings of any serious character in that region. Mr. Casey told me
that he had arranged to see Mr. Murray3 this afternoon, and I told
'For previous correspondence relating to this subject, see Foreign Relations,
1942, vol. iv, pp. 120 if.
2Louis G. Dreyfus, Jr.
Wallace Murray, Adviser on Political Relations.
                                                          819


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