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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. General
(1937)

Analyses and reports of general political developments in Europe affecting the maintenance of international order and the preservation of peace,   pp. 24-214 PDF (74.1 MB)


Page 24


ANALYSES AND REPORTS OF GENERAL POLITICAL DE-
  VELOPMENTS IN EUROPE AFFECTING THE MAINTE-
  NANCE OF INTERNATIONAL ORDER AND THE PRES-
  ERVATION OF PEACE
  Increasing Pessimism Regarding the Continuance of Peace; Fruitless
  Efforts to Effect a New "Western Locarno" Agreement; Deterioration
  of Security in Central and Eastern Europe; Question of Return of
  Former German Colonies; Gestures Toward Restoration of Anglo-
  Italian Cordiality; German Offer of Assurances With Respect to In-
  violability of Belgium and the Netherlands; Continuation of Anglo-
  French Accord
740.00/951
  The Ambasador in Poland (Cudaliy) to Pre8ident Roo8evelt1
                                      WARSAW, December 26, 1936.
  DEAR MR. PRESIDENT: I went from London and stayed with Bullitt 2
in Paris, saw Dave Morris 3 in Brussels, and then went to Berlin where
I found Dodd 4 laid up with a cold and talked to him while he was in
bed. He finds the winter humidity of Berlin very trying and suffers a
great deal, he told me.
  Everywhere there was a persistent rumor that you contemplate
some sort of move in furtherance of peace in Europe and I hope this
rumor is not true unless you intend to act under certain conditions
precedent. I am certain a Wilsonian pronouncement in favor of peace
while it would create a great stir would be forgotten in two weeks'
time. Also any attempt to assemble the leaders of European States
for a statement of their objectives and grievances would result in
nothing but propaganda and recriminations and would leave things
worse than before.
  Really to bring about any tangible results it will be necessary to
diagnose the cause of existing conflicts and propose a program which
will eliminate this cause. Otherwise your present great prestige in
Europe will be greatly diminished and your usefulness as a future
arbiter.
  Germany is the outstanding threat. The whole impulse of the coun-
try is war preparation. The economy is a war economy and if this
"Photostatic copy obtained from the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde
Park, N. Y.
'William C. Bullitt, American Ambassador in France.
'American Ambassador in Belgium.
'William E. Dodd, American Ambassador in Germany.
     24


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