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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1927

Venezuela,   pp. 820-824 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 820

The Acting Secretary of State to the MinTster in Venezuela (Cook)
No. 1053                         WASHINGTON, August 17, 1926.
SuR: This Government has, as you are aware, entered upon the
policy of negotiating with other countries general treaties of friend-
ship, commerce and consular rights, of which the central principle
in respect of commerce is an unconditional most-favored-nation clause
governing customs and related matters.' This policy was inaugu-
rated pursuant to the principles underlying Section 317 of the Tariff
Act of 1922 ;2 it seeks assurances that equality of treatment for
American commerce will be maintained in all countries. Besides
the provisions relating to trade and commerce these treaties include
provisions relating to rights of nationals of each country in the
other country, protection of property and rights and immunities of
consuls. This Government now desires to enter into such a treaty
with Venezuela.
The first treaty to become effective expressing the present policy
of this Government was the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and
Consular Rights with Germany, signed December 8, 1923 ;3 ratifica-
tions of which were exchanged October 14, 1925. Similar treaties
have been signed by the United States with Hungary, Esthonia and
Salvador, of which the one with Esthonia has been brought into
force by exchange of ratifications.
Treaties containing the unconditional most-favored-nation clause
were signed with Turkey on August 6, 1923, and with Panama on
July 28, 1926.38 Several others are in process of negotiation. Modi
vivendi, based upon the same principle, entered into with the follow-
ing countries are in force-Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Repub-
lic, Finland, Greece, Guatemala, Latvia, Lithuania, Nicaragua,
Poland, (including Danzig), Rumania and Turkey. A similar agree-
1 See Foreign Relation8, 1923, vol. i, pp. 121 ff.
242 Stat. 858, 944.
'For treaties and modi vivend! referred to in this instruction and not cited
therein, see footnotes to similar instruction, No. 1162, Aug. 21, 1926, to
Ambassador in Brazil, Forfign Relations, 1926, vol. i, p. 569.
3a The treaty with Panama, however, does not contain the unconditional most-
favored-nation clauses.. ;         -

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