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Foreign Relations of the United States

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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1920
(1920)

Guatemala,   pp. 718-759 PDF (13.5 MB)


Page 718

GUATEMALA
FALL OF THE ESTRADA CABRERA GOVERNMENT1
Revolutionary Agitation against President Estrada Cabrera-Efforts by the
United States to Allay Factional Discord-Request from Both Factions for
Mediation by the Diplomatic Corps-Proclamation of Reforms Issued by
the President on the Advice of the United States Government-Outbreak
of Factional Hostilities, and Resignation of the President-Inauguration of
the Herrera Government and Its Recognition by the United States
814.00/328: Telegram
The Charge in Guatemala (Scotten) to the Secretary of State
GUATEMALA, January 3, 1920-4 p.m.
[Received January 5-2:38 a.m.]
1. My December 31, 8 p.m.2
Pamphlets distributed January 1 causing wide spread comment.
Legation reliably informed by several sources, all of which agree,
nomenclature new party purely cloak to cover true aim, namely
/ downfall President Cabrera. Signers of pamphlet for the most
part men of means and standing and many are known to be clericals
and sympathizers with Bishop Pinfol. All of Legation's informants
believe that these men will not be easily intimidated and that
distribution of pamphlets marks beginning of the end of present
regime. Impression general that new party has at least approval,
if not support of Government of the United States. One of Lega-
tion's most reliable informants states that result of Legation's
negotiations with President as regards sale of enemy's properties
will have considerable effect upon standing and strength of new
party.
Legation informed by indubitable source that Antonio C. Rivera,
director of military academy at the time of attempted assassination
of the President 1908, arrested and held in jail several hours last
night on the charge of being the leader of new party but finally
released.
SCOTTEN
1 For previous correspondence on the political affairs of Guatemala, see
Foreign Relations, 1919, vol. II, pp. 263 if.
2Ibid., p. 269.
718


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