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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, with the annual message of the president transmitted to Congress December 3, 1901

Argentine Republic,   pp. 1-6 PDF (498.2 KB)

Page 1

JJfr. Lord to Jib. Hay. 
Buenos Ayres, January 1~d, 1901. 
 SIR: ii have the honor to inform you that I rejected the application of
one Mr. Frank H. Bowers for a passport on the following facts which are respectfully
submitted for your approval or revision as the case may require: 
 Mr. Bowers was born of American parents in the city of Buenos Ayres, Argentine
Republic, on the 17th day of February, 1880, in which city he has since resided,
with the exception of some two years while absent at school. Being nearly
21 years of age he now proposes to go to the United States with the intention
of making his permanent residence in the city of Boston, Mass., where he
intends to engage in business—probably as the other end of the business
here—and where his mother now resides, having recently removed from
this city to that place. As Mr. Bowers desired to spend a few weeks traveling
in Europe before proceeding to his destination in the United States, he made
application to this legation for a passport as an American citizen under
the provision of section 1993, Revised Statutes of the United States; but,
in view of the provision of section 1 of Article I of the Argentine law,
No. 346, of October 8, 1869, declaring all persons born within the territory
of the Argentine Republic, though of foreign parentage, to be Argentine citizens,
I did not feel warranted in granting his application for a passport. 
 I deem it proper to say, upon the facts as stated, that I was first inclined
to grant Mr. Bowers's application for a passport, intending to inform him
that it furnished him no security against any claim that the Argentine Government
might assert to his allegiance or service while he remained within the Argentine
jurisdiction; but a subsequent reading of the opinion of Mr. Attorney-General
Hoar to Mr. Secretury of State Fish, dated the 12th of June, 1869, led me
to the conclusion that persons born of American parents ' in the Argentine
Republic, which declares them to be citizens thereof, could not avail themselves
of the provisions of section 1993 to obtain a certificate of their American
citizenship while they continue within the Argentine territory, nor, possibly,
until they should come within the sovereignty and jurisdiction of the United
 I have, etc., WM. P. LORD. 

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