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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90
(1888-1889)

Belgium,   pp. 24-50 PDF (11.1 MB)


Page 24


                             BELGIUM.
                                 No. 24.
                        Mr. Tree to Mr. Bayard,
                                 (Extract.]
 No, 278.]                 LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
              Brussels, November 30, 1887. (Received December 13.)
   SIR: I have the honorto invite your attention to article 2 of the decree
 of the sovereign of the Independent State of the Congo on the use of
 flags within the boundaries of that state, published in the ."Bulletin
 Officiel" No. 5 (May, 1887, 3d year), and which will be found on file
in
 the Department.
   Article 2 reads as follows :
   Every private vessel navigating the waters of the Independent State of
the-Congo,
 up the stream beyond the falls of Leopoldville, will be required to hoist
at the stern
 the flag of the State. If'she possesses ship'spapers establishing her foreign
nation-
 ality, she may hoist, in addition, the flag of her own country.
   Article 3 fixes a penalty for the non-observance of the provisions of
 article 2.
   My impression has been that, in accordance with a custom which is
 universal, vessels entering the rivers and harbors of another nation
 have the-right to: hoist the flag of their own nationality at the stern.
 If so, it is a curious departure from the general practice to compel the
 display of the Cozigo State flag at that part of the vessel, especially
in
 view of article 2 of the general act of the Berlin conference, stipulat-
 ing for the free navigation of the Congo and all of its affluents by the
 vessels of all nations.
       I have, etc.,
                                                   LAMBERT TREE.
                                No. 25.
                       Mr. Bayard to Mr. Tree.
                                [Extract.]
-No. 90.]                        DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
                                       Washington, December 7, 1887.
  SIR: I inclose herewith copy of a dispatch addressed to this Depart-
ment by the United States consul at St. Paul de Loando, and of its in-
closure, being a petition signed by the Rev. A. Billington, a representa-
tive of the American Baptist Missionary Union at Stanley Pool, il thle
Congo Free Sta te, setting forth certain arbitrary acts of the Congo
     24


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