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United States Department of State / The executive documents of the House of Representatives for the first session of the fiftieth Congress. 1887-'88
(1887-1888)

China,   pp. 159-244 PDF (38.6 MB)


Page 159


                               CHINA.
                                 No. 126.
                        lr. Denby to MrX Bayard,
 No, 182,.                 LEGATION OF THE ]UNITE D STATES,
                     Peking, July 31, 1886.  (Received September 16.)
   ..  ; I have the honor to report that the Chungking mob is the most
 serious riot that has occurred in China for many years. I inclose here-
 with a copy of a letter, which is the fullest account I have seen. It will
 be seen that the mdb destroyed all the property of the American, French,
 and English missionaries, including that of the Taylor Inland Mission,
 the missionaries were seriously maltreated; the British consul was nearl
 killed ; all the missionaries left, and are now at Hankow. The disorder
 has tspread to other parts of the province SzO, Chien and m ay spread to
 other provinces. *   *  *
   I have instructed Mr. Franklin, at Hankow, to do all he can to assist
 our missionaries.
   It seems that the Chinese Catholics were objects of hostility to the mob,
 and many lives were lost in an attack on one of them.
   One difficulty about questions arisingout of these occurrences is that
 other foreigners claim that they arise from our anti-Chinese troubleSat
 home. I amn satisfied that the charge is not strictlYtrue, but that they
 arise mostly from the French war. The Chinese have been unusually
 hoĆ½stile toiforeigners since that war terminated, Nl'o doubt the
riots in
 the West, Vaguely reported in China, contribute to the ill feeling,
 No doubt Englandand France will demand redress and restitution of
 rights to their people.     *
 I have written tO Mr. Franklin to find out and report tomn the char-
 acter and value of the property destroyed, and whether the missionaries
 will desire to renew operations in Chungking if protectio b promised
        ;, ~ ~  ~    ~    ~   s ...... n:__ .... h-pun I ... g g...ap t,..bepromied
them or whether they will content themselves with demanding da-m,
ages.'!   *
       I have, etc.,                              CH    I    LE  NE.
                            [Inelosure in o. 182.]
                     Letter from Mr. Lewis to Mr. Hyces.
                                                CHUNGKING, July 7, 1886.
  DEAR BROTHER HYKEs: You will doubtless have heard how this part of the
world
is turned upside down. On July I all missionary property in Chungking was
de-
stroyed, as well as the property of Mr. Bourne, lthe English consular resident.
Mr.
Bourne had his chair smashed, was hit with stones, and might have lost his
life had
not the hsien (magistrate) thrown his arms around him, himself receiving
blows. A
fine Catholic cathedral, just completed, and extensive foreign residences
were given
to the fl eas. Our city residences were first looted and then pulled down
ai. car icd
off- piece by piece. One of our sanitarium buildings, just completed, was
given to
the flames; two, partly finished, were demolished and the wall about the
property
knocked down. The C. I. M. (China Inland Mission) had two rented places in
the
city and a partly-built saniarium in the country; the latter was burned.
In the
city M1r. X Nicoll's place was torn down about their heads. Mirs. Ni o!,
attempting to


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