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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-eighth Congress, 1884-'85
(1884-1885)

China,   pp. 46-118 PDF (32.4 MB)


Page 46


FOREIGN RELATIONS.
                               CHINA.
                               No. 32.
                    Mr. Young to Mr. Frelinghuysen.
No. 277.]                 LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
              Peking, November 8, 1883. (Received January 9, 1884.)
  SIR: In several recent dispatches I have had occasion to refer to a
riotous demonstration against foreigners which took place at Canton
upon the 10th of September last, and I have now the honor to submit
various papers in reference thereto, which will place you in possession
of all the information now in the hands of the legation upon the sub~ject.
These papers consist of copies of six dispatches received from Mr. Con-
sul Seymour, and extracts from newspaper reports of the affair.
  From these reports you will gather that the immediate cause of the riot
was the accidental or intentional drowning of a Chinese by a Portuguese
watchman employed on the British steamship Hankow, but that the
feelings of the populace had previously been roused to an intense degree
by the wanton murder of an inoffensive Chinese by a British subject
named Logan while the latter was in a state of intoxication, by the re-
lease of two of Logan's companions, and by the fear that Logan himself
would either be released or escape with a trifling punishment. I shall
have occasion to address you more at length upon this unfortunate oc-.
currence within a few days. In the mean time I may add that I4gan
has been tried before a British court, convicted of manslaughter, and
sentenced to seven years' imprisonment. The viceroy at Canton and
the foreign office here have protested against this punishment as inade-
quate, but, so far as 1 can learn, without effect. The air is full of ru-
mors of further and more serious disturbances at Canton, which, how-
ever, cannot be traced to any reliable source. There is much uneasy
feeling among the Chinese at other ports, and the situation as a whole
is far from reassuring.
       I have, &c.,
                                        JOHN R1tSSELL YOUNG.
                           [Inclosure 1 in No. 277.1
                        Mr. Seymour to Mr. Young.
No. 31.]                          CONSULATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
                                       Canton, September 10, 1883-10 p. m.
  SIR: I have the honor to inform you that the Europeans and Americans residing
in Canton and on the Shameen have had an interesting day during which some
lives were lost and considerable property has been destroyed, amounting in
value to
about $200,000, with incidental damages to business of steamers and ships
to enough
more to make a total loss of about a quarter of a million of dollars.
  The immediate cause of the outbreak of the mob was the death of a Chinaman
this
morning on board the British steamer Hankow, caused by the kicks of a Portu-
guese employ6 (watchman), who killed the Chinaman, or caused him to roll
insen-
sible into the water, where (it is commonly alleged) he was drowned, although
it is
probable the man died of the kicks.
  Immediately thereafter the Chinese mob fired the wharf and sheds where
the steamer
46


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