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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-fifth Congress, 1877-'78
(1877-1878)

Portugal,   pp. 131-132 PDF (1.0 MB)


Page 131


                            'PORTUGAL.                           151
                            PORTUGAL.
                               No. 42.
                      Mr. MJoran to Mr. Evarts.
No. 172.]                 LEGATION OF TIHIE UNITED STATES,
                 Lisbon, December,6,,1877. (Received December 26.)
  SIR: I have given your dispatch of the 7th of August, marked,
  lSeparatei my careful attention ; and, as bearing upon the subject of
the commerce between Portugal and the United :States, of the develop-
ment of which that dispatch treats, I forward herewith two copies of the
reports of- the, consuls of Portugal concerning commerce in general for
1875, just published by the government, and a copy of the "General sta-
tistics of the commerce of Portugal with its colonies and with foreignc
countries during the civil year 1874."
  I think the trade between the United States and Portugal could be-
increased. Wheat, tobacco, petroleum, hemp, lumber, and staves, im-
ported from the United States, now sell to our advantage, and these
imports are on the increase. I am also of opinion that there is a profit-
able market in Portugal for cheap American cotton printing-cloths. In,
1870, cloths, bleached and unbleached, for printing, to the value -of
£624,660 and £131,3300 of prints were imported from Great Britain;
and
this trade is said to be on the increase. These cloths are printed here,
with designs to suit the national taste, and are worn in Portugal and
her colonial possessions, to which they are exported in considerable
quantities. I am-informed that there is an-attempt being madeto estab-
lish a manufactory of suchcloths near Lisbon, as it is believed that- they
can be produced so as to compete with those imported. I cannot give
prices, but it is safe to say that if Great Britain can send cotton print-
ing-cloths here at a profit, we can do the same.
  The following tables show the importation of British manufactured
goods into Portugal in the years 1870 and 1874, that for 1874 being the
last which has been published. It will be seen by these that there was
a decrease in the value of the importations in 1874, but that maybe
owing to some fluctuations in trade.
            Imported from England.         1870.
Silk-....................    .  ............. . ..........  2£47, 540
Linens-------------------------..... -...-...........85, 610
Woolen and hair--------------        -..........-.-......... - 174, 460
Cottons....,.-. .............-..... _..... .................... --*889  794
    Total---------------------------------.---------------1,197,404
      1874.
Milreis.
  185, 549  £41, 22i2
  310, 000   68, 800
  810, 416  180, 000
3, 606, 000     800, 000
4, 911,1965 1, 090, 022
  * The cotton imports, subdivided, are as follows:
Unbleached _...................     ..- . -........ ........ ....... ............-..
. £449, 000
:Bleached  .. . ........... .....   :............  ...... I......... :...............................
 175?- 500
Printed-----------------------------------1.j 3
     P rinted+ . ...... ............ .......... .......... . . .. . . ...................
 .............  131, 330
Handkerchiefs- - - -  -  -  - -   - -   -  --..I-......-..................-.........
5, 550
Thread-........-....... .........................7......................
.,-1................   1 0
M uslin--................ .  ........ .. ................................
.... ..  8,440
Utnenumerated-----------------------------------------------46,704
          U ne u me ate . :. .. .,... ... ... . ... ... . .. . . .. ....
.. ..... .... .. ... :............ . 46,7 0
    Total             ... . ................ ......................................
889, 794
      Toa-- -------------------------------------8979
  I am likewise of opinion that the demand can be created here for
American agricultural implements and labor-saving machinery, although
- - - - - - r-, z, 'T-- "--! - - -,               .
. C% -d


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